US Policy in the MidEast Region:
- Stems from cold war
o Then shifts from soviet containment to democracy promotion
- Containing terrorism?
- Legacy of Iraq war?
- Arab uprisings?
o Engaged in new Egyptian administration to ensure stability despite MB
o Hypocritical – Saudi relationship despite non-democracy
- Diplomatic – UN
o Hard to get resolutions passed in security council because of US, whereas
GA’s more readily condemn Israel
o 1970s – shift in US-Israel relations
- Foreign aid
o Decreased aid to Israel, but increased military aid
o Most aid given to Egypt, then Iraq, then Sudan & Jordan, then Israel, then
Most aid goes back to US through purchase of American products..
- National interest vs. domestic politics?
o Soviet containment?
o Cheap oil supply
o “moral commitment” with Israel o Military industrial complex; intelligence
o Israel lobby?
“Christian Zionists” – conservative, literal interpretation of bible
J-Street – pro-israel, pro-peace, two-st