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Lecture 4

Lecture 4- Peace & Security Studies.pdf

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McGill University
Political Science
POLI 360
Julie Norman

In the News this Week Syrian refugees and internally displaced people + getting aid to the latter NSA spying Snowden files prove US run by Nazi aliens, so says Iran Foundations: Kant (1795) Perpetual Peace was a German philosopher, yet still relevant today and informs the theories we talk about today (democratic peace theory) he is writing as a philosopher certain sense of idealism not necessarily policy prescription echoing Hobbes’ idea of natural state of war and conflict natural state = war; must establish state of ‘Perpetual Peace’ states and politicians need to take certain actions to overcome natural tendency to war valid treaties (v. truces) ending a war with a weak treaty is nothing more than a truce very operational thing we can do is to work on the quality of our peace treaties no domination/colonialism no more states taking over other states direct pointed statement against colonization at the time no standing armies recognizing states may at times need to defend themselves, but it should be more ad hoc salaries to pay security dilemma i.e. Costa Rica has no standing army debt relief precursor for modern-day liberalism complex interdependence sovereignty respect for rules of war over a 100 years before Hague Convention even humanitarian law Perpetual Peace (Kant) establishing state of peace civil republican constitution need for consent restrains war people won’t consent to going to war on a regular basis; will constrain the state rule of law (separation of powers) republic vs. democracy? thought tyranny of majority, so he wanted a representative gov’t representative gov’t vs. rule by the people federation of states/League of peace if all republican states work together under some kind of federation of league, while protecting sovereignty universal hospitality global citizenship starting to recognize the flow of ppl between states Democratic Peace Theory (Doyle) liberal/democratic states rarely go to war with each other based on empirical data, so it observed a trend and then tried to explain it what is a liberal state, though? how does a state get included into the democracy category or not? Democracy (equal rights and freedoms, representative legislature) Free market economy (private property, supply & demand) what actually keeps these states from going to war with each other though? Why Don’t Democracies Fight Each Other? need citizen consent, and citizens reject war generally (constitutional arg
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