Conflict Resolution and Conflict Prevention
− timing and ripeness
− issue containment
− third party involvement
− turning points and hurting stalemates
− Preventive Diplomacy
− Preventive Deployment
− Preventive Disarmament
− Long-term Strategies
It is often difficult for leaders to sell to their public preventive strategies.
− early warning signs
− International Norms
− Military Intervention
One of the main activities of the UN in the security field. Peacekeeping can be
involved in both inter and intra-state conflicts.
This is different from collective security, because peacekeeping does not consider
any party as the belligerent.
In peacekeeping, both parties are resolved to maintain peace, but it may easily
devolve into conflict.
Duties include observing lines, serving as buffer between two hostile forces,
supervising troop withdrawal, monitoring elections, and maintaining domestic
security during transition periods
They are generally deployed with the consent of the sovereign state, or both parties
involved in the dispute. Weapons would only be used in self-defence.
Two forms 1) Classical Peacekeeping
After Suez War; suggested by Pearson. More successful than collective security
2) Post-Cold War Era Peacekeeping
1. Reasons for Upsurge