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Lecture 18

Lecture 18 - Feb.24th.pdf

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Political Science
POLI 451
Sven- Oliver Proksch

Europeanization What it means Scholars have tried to understand the process and outcomes of European integration Since mid-1990s, interest in understanding the impact of Europe on nation states A research program of "Europeanization" No single theory Studies draw on general theories from comparative and intl politics If you accept that Europeanization is happening, so that the EU has an impact on nation states itself, if you look at countries in the traditional way (let me compare these democracies), you might miss a big picture Examples in Questions To what extend has the shift of policy competences to the EU level undermined powers of national parliaments? Is the EU responsible for a decline of public services by liberalizing state enterprises (telecomms, transport, energy, postal)? How has European integration changed national party systems? Why does it matter? Internal Europeanization Single market and EMU have fundamentally changed the Europe Impact on domestic politics (institutions, policies, party system) External Europeanization Effect on candidate countries (enlargement criteria, democracy and market economy) Effect on neighbourhood countries Association Agreements Gives some European states access to the single market without being part of the EU after undergoing some constitutional changes e.g. Switzerland Prospect of membership? Seem to make Association Agreements work more efficiently e.g. Ukraine in 2012, and then in 2013 constitutional changes were refused by the govt Examples Roles of national parliaments Increasing volume of EU legislation In 1990s, some Jacques something estimated that 80% of legislation adopted at the national level would be EU legislation National parliaments implement EU directives decided at EU level Diminished role? Take-it-or-leave-it offer? Would the role of national parliaments be different without the EU? Some say the EU presents the national parliaments with take-it-or- leave-it offers and there are not much discretion possible at the national level Treaty changes and subsidiarity check Nanou and Dorussen How does the EU constrain party competition in member states? National Party competition (in the absence of the EU) Political parties complete and campaign on policy platforms Voters compare their preferences to party platforms and vote accordingly Once in govt, parties try to implement those platforms Constraining effect of EU legislation EU legislation limits the policies that political parties
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