What it means
Scholars have tried to understand the process and outcomes of European integration
Since mid-1990s, interest in understanding the impact of Europe on nation states
A research program of "Europeanization"
No single theory
Studies draw on general theories from comparative and intl politics
If you accept that Europeanization is happening, so that the EU has an impact on
nation states itself, if you look at countries in the traditional way (let me compare
these democracies), you might miss a big picture
Examples in Questions
To what extend has the shift of policy competences to the EU level undermined powers of
Is the EU responsible for a decline of public services by liberalizing state enterprises
(telecomms, transport, energy, postal)?
How has European integration changed national party systems?
Why does it matter?
Single market and EMU have fundamentally changed the Europe
Impact on domestic politics (institutions, policies, party system)
Effect on candidate countries (enlargement criteria, democracy and market
Effect on neighbourhood countries
Gives some European states access to the single market without being
part of the EU after undergoing some constitutional changes
Prospect of membership?
Seem to make Association Agreements work more efficiently
e.g. Ukraine in 2012, and then in 2013 constitutional changes were
refused by the govt
Roles of national parliaments
Increasing volume of EU legislation
In 1990s, some Jacques something estimated that 80% of legislation
adopted at the national level would be EU legislation
National parliaments implement EU directives decided at EU level
Diminished role? Take-it-or-leave-it offer?
Would the role of national parliaments be different without the EU?
Some say the EU presents the national parliaments with take-it-or-
leave-it offers and there are not much discretion possible at the
Treaty changes and subsidiarity check Nanou and Dorussen
How does the EU constrain party competition in member states?
National Party competition (in the absence of the EU)
Political parties complete and campaign on policy platforms
Voters compare their preferences to party platforms and vote accordingly
Once in govt, parties try to implement those platforms
Constraining effect of EU legislation
EU legislation limits the policies that political parties