POLI 211 Lecture Notes - Cabinet Of Canada

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Sept.12.12
Hard core elements of comparative analysis:
1. Individuals
- includes interests and identities
- differences between individuals, government, and society
2. Rules
- includes institutions
- constitutional arrangements (national level and on a smaller scale like a
town)
- come in different forms
- laws, regulations, and norms
- enforced against deviant behavior
- self-regulating rules work best
- rules can be written or unwritten (i.e. Canadian cabinet doesn’t exist on
paper)
- three types of rules: procedural rules (working of bureaucracy or
operational rules), governmental rules, constitutional rules
- property rights exist in a variety of ways/settings
- rules can be nested together or stacked
3. Life goods and public/government goods
- Maslow’s hierarchy of needs = life goods
- expect governments to provide public goods
- division between private and public goods (non-rivalry and non-excludable)
- some public goods are mixed goods (public and private features)
- nature of public goods: control of indirect consequences, packageability of
exclusion principle, maintenance of preferred state of community affairs (i.e.
public park)
- governments have the power to make all goods public goods
- how goods interact to lead to different political systems
- time and geography are important in relation to
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