POLI 212 Lecture Notes - Patrimonialism, Political Catholicism, French Revolution
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MARCH 2, 2012: Conference (Midterm Review)
Out of the French Revolutions comes the party of order and the party movement. It was
almost like a civil war between the two groups. Their principles were strong that people
could not compromise until the fascism option comes off the table in 1945.
Republican challenge, traditionalists (conservatives, favoured monarchy and church,
tended to be religious-politically catholic as well).
Republicanism= wanted self-determination of peoples (somewhat of a nationalist
principle), generally interested in a more secular state to the extent that it became anti-
clerical and anti-Catholic, popular sovereignty (Not democracy). They were trying to
replace the loyalty of religious people from the church to the symbols of the secular
state- “a civil religion.”
Popular sovereignty vs. democracy= one element of popular sovereignty could be
democratic republicanism, but it is just he idea that the ruler gets their policies from the
wants of the people, and democracy is one way to interpret this.
Party of order= political Catholicism, wanting to restore monarchical authority
Socialism= inspired by some of the values of the French revolution and the republicans,
but are interested in a socialist society, not a republic
Fascism emerged out of the traditionalist side
Part of order vs. party of movement becomes fascists vs. socialists
Despotism and Patrimonialism- the connection is that patrimonialism is more of an
institutionalized from of despotism.
Patrimonialism is somewhat of a continued despotism.
Patrimonial vs. Rational legal:
With patrimonial, the economic society is the possession of the ruler, no clear
distinction between public and private, non autonomous bureaucracy (positions are
owned, sold, and inherited)
In a rational legal state, there is legal codified private property rights, it extends into
society and it extends across the territorial boundaries of the state. The bureaucracy is
autonomous and has a merit based bureaucracy.
Bunce: the east had a slower developmental path because of and perpetuating the
patrimonial system. There is a different sequence in which things happen in the
Eastern case (civil and political society)
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