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Lecture 9

POLI 227 Lecture Notes - Lecture 9: Corporatism, Majoritarianism


Department
Political Science
Course Code
POLI 227
Professor
Rex Brynen
Lecture
9

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POLI 227
January 28, 2013
Lecture 9
State-building and Regime Consolidation (con’t)
Gov’t involvement in econ: expanding GDP
The state’s econ roles:
State resources
Econ dvlpmt (esp in case of late dvlprs)
Poli tool (extractive potential, rewards and punishments to strengthen key
constituencies)
Redistribution
Many actions of states fall into several of these categories, e.g. land reform in Egypt
under Nasser
Regime consolidation:
Repression (stifle dissent; prevalent in authoritarian countries… many
dvlping [esp authoritarian] overspend on defense and security, at the
expense of funding for other sectors)
Pwrfl policy tool for authoritarian countries trying to stay in pwr; amt
of repression that can take place in a democracy is much more
constrained
Policies of authoritarian countries are not all about coercion,
however… there is a certain inefficiency to repression (it can actually
encourage popular anger/activism)
It is rare for even authoritarian regimes to stay in pwr solely through
coercion… they need some msr of poli support (esp of the coercive
apparatus)
Coalition-building (build support)
Poli coalitions:
“Building blocks” (elements of poli coalitions)
Who are the social groups forming part of the governing coalition?
Democratic vs. authoritarian coalitions
“Glue” (what holds them together)
What keeps coalitions together?… ideas and resources (direct or
indirect material benefits)
Coalitions and regime types:
Competitive multi-party system
Poli parties articulate and aggregate interests
Support bases may be broad or narrow
Parties shaped by societal cleavages, electoral system
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