POLI 231 - Gandhi
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Truth → sincerity in speech and action
Satyagraha → seeking to eliminate antagonisms without harming antagonists
themselves; arming individual with moral rather than physical power. Uses civil
disobedience and non-cooperation as tactics. Believes endurance of suffering
is a means to an end.
Ahimsa → doctrine of nonviolence
How these are manifest:
1) Use of reason
−speak truth in order to persuade
2) Use of self-suffering
−reason not sufficient; one must persuade hearts of others
3) Civil Disobedience
−non-cooperation, non-violence → acceptance of legal punishments
−this either moves the oppressor, or moves the oppressed masses, which will
undermine the power of the oppressor
Presuppositions To This Doctrine
−humans are spiritual and physical beings
−physical reality makes it impossible to be completely non-violent
−humans should minimize violence (ahimsa)
Gandhi believes God is necessary to be able for individuals to sacrifice all.
−non-violence, non-cooperation is the doctrine of the weak
−unable to match power of the state
−should one use violence they would be blown away
−strategy vs. morals
Gandhi: satyagraha must be a moral action
−non-injury is morally required for the attainment of higher form of being
−however, Gandhi does believe that this leads to the best outcomes, even if
that's not the reason he gives for taking such action.
−Believes Satyagraha comes from a position of strength
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