POLI 232 Lecture Notes - Civilization And Its Discontents, Main Source, Oedipus Complex

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Critical of marxist view of emancipation-limits to happiness. Present-day men don"t feel happy with their god-like powers. One way of being happy- avoid pain and un-pleasures . Seek intense pleasure or avoid pain- but freud doesn"t think both are equal- only true happiness is intense pleasure. Intense pleasure that is episodic- meaning doesn"t last that long- we derive most happiness from a contrast. He"s talking about orgasms let"s be real here. Pleasures of art, etc. isn"t enough of a substitute for intense pleasure. Body, if harmed, damaged etc. - doomed to decay- but you need it bc warning signals. We become more modest in seeking these pleasures as we grow up- it is not the foreground. Seek to lessen pain inflicted by others by drawing into solitude. Universal tendencies but large differences between people and societies. Everyone must discover for himself how he must achieve salvation. Thinks god is just made up by humans.

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