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Lecture 16

POLI 325D1 Lecture Notes - Lecture 16: Defensively Equipped Merchant Ship, Conservatism In The United States, Federalist No. 78


Department
Political Science
Course Code
POLI 325D1
Professor
Harold Waller
Lecture
16

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American Revolution
basic definition of revolution
be familiar with one of the other revolutionary traditions
differences b/w Fr. and Am. revolutions
Why Fr. was different, Rus. was different, etc. (compare and contrast)
causes of revolution
how did this come about
longer or shorter process
you had an American populace growing in confidence, thought they could govern their own
affairs
you had the Br. doing a lot of provocation ag. the colonists (taxes, Boston massacre, etc.)
culminates into one revolutionary feeling in the United States
don’t necessarily pinpoint events that caused the revolution, but more like a holistic view or
feeling of what caused it
political theory of the revolution
Locke, Montesquieu
Age of Enlightenment theory going around
concept of natural rights
concept of tyranny
Declaration of Independence
concept of what it means to be self-evident
5 theoretical premises in regard to the Declaration of Independence
consent of the governed
equality
natural rights
the purpose of gov’t
right of revolution
what was the document’s value in the Am. pol. system?
meant to be an inspirational document, not one to be operationalized or put into practice (that
would be the Constitution)
a declaration of war
there was never a way to make this document into law
impact on Am. pol. thought
go back to what we see with what the Founding Fathers said right afterward
Federalist Papers
go back to the concept of the American Enlightenment period
Articles of Confederation
failure reasons
couldn’t tax
couldn’t raise an army
didn’t regulate interstate commerce
hard to get a consensus
Rebellion with Massachusetts farmers
in the textbook
Const. Convention of 1787
look at the Gilson readings
foundations
1) establish authority
2) federalism
3) legitimacy derived from consent
4) separation of powers (no precedent for this)
5) limitations; provides justification for any constitutions; explain what the gov’t can and cannot
do
6) serving the interest of liberty
influences on the convention and their contributing ideas
Locke
Montesquieu
bargaining relationships in the convention
what were some of the bargains that had to be made in order for this to work?
3/5 compromise b/c cleavage between North and South
Connecticut Compromise
creation of 2 houses of Congress (HoR by population for seats and Senate by
state with each state getting 2 seats )
would never have passed without some compromise
executive’s powers (the Presidency)
very vague process, which gives us the reason why in the last 40-50 years, there’s been more
unilateral pres. action
left a lot of room for adaptation
read Hamilton 70 for this
failure to address slavery (in 3/5 rule)
Constitution
on whether the constitution is federalist enough
read Lasser chpt. 1!!!!!
influence of the federalist papers
achievements
popular sovereignty
three branches of gov’t creation
10th Amendment
judicial review
read Federalist 78!!
process of amending the constitution
Judicial Cases
John Marshall as SC Chief Justice and his impact (the 2 cases)
SUPER IMPORTANT!!!
power of the executive
court usually sides with the other party
don’t ever say that the judiciary is the most powerful branch of the US gov’t
technically, all branches of the federal gov’t are equal
sometimes seen as more powerful because it has the last say in interpreting the constitution
Different Development from Europe
read Harts (October 1-6 in course pack) and Davis in terms of pol. thought
say “according to Harts, or according to Davis”
Jeffersonian and Hamiltonian Traditions
in class notes
how both parties have adopted both ideas and flipped views on both ideas
Dems have Jeffersonian ends to Hamiltonian means today
Reps have Hamiltonian ends to Jeffersonian means today
Liberty-Equality Trade-Off
go back to the two documents (Dec. of Ind. and Const.)
Dec. talks about liberty
Const. talks about equality
Conservatism in the US
Harts article
Tory conservatism vs. American conservatism
Lipsett reading
neoconservative views and neoliberal views
******American exceptionalism, for example, is not on the study guide (BUT YOU SHOULD KNOW IT!)—>
study guide is not the limit of what you need to know
—> see Lipsett
******fiscal federalism = how a state gets money (Lecture 15)
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