Don"t regard societies as prisoners of their past. Interested in historical legacies that have contemporary political implications. Islamic community (ummah) saw themselves coming in political conflict in. By 632 bulk of the arabian peninsula was in control of islam. From this origin comes the origin of islam. Muslim beliefe judaism and christianity are divine religions but prior prophet"s messages weren"t fully understood. Monotheism was the thing which differentiated islam from other polytheistic religions in the regions. In the context of the time, islams views on women were much more liberal than the ones scene in much of the arabian peninsula at the time. Five pillars more like five pillars of sunni islam. Broader middle east largely converted to islam and though political expansion and warfare had to do but most of it was cos of voluntary conversion cos the messages of the three monotheistic religions weren"t really different which eased conversion.