PSYC 212 Lecture Notes - Lecture 1: Pineal Gland, Outlast, Empiricism

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25 Dec 2018
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2017/01/06 Lecture 1
Plato: allegory of the cave, all they see are the shadows, world of knowledge
Nativism: certain knowledge is innate, knowledge precedes existence and
material world
Descartes: systematic skepticism, not sure the world exist, sure that self exist - I think
therefore I am
Nativism: we cannot trust our senses, we can trust the soul, immortal, attached to
body through pineal gland, precedes our body and outlast death
Hobbes: seeing is believing, the less certain through our sense, the less certain we can be
about our surrounding, the mind is what the brain does
Locke: we come to the world empty and experience will fill us, knowledge from
experience
Simple ideas: have to get to the mind through ideas, cannot be reduced or defined
by anything else
o Ex: color and taste
Complex ideas: made from simple ideas, combinations of experiences
Empiricism: belief that accurate knowledge can be acquired through observation,
essential to scientific method, set of principles about the appropriate relationship between
ideas and evidence
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