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PSYC 213 – Problem Solving – March 6.docx

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PSYC 213
Jelena Ristic

PSYC 213 – Problem Solving – March 6, 2012 Topicfor final 2classes: Autism (examinationofthe neurodevelopmentsyndromeof autism withspecial emphasis placedonunderstanding the prevailingsocialcognitive deficit) What is problem solving?  When we cannot immediatelyrecallan answerfrommemory – wehavea problem o Calculating 2 X2 should notbeaproblem o Calculating how torepayyour student loan intheshortest period oftime could be a problem  Problem-solving involvesgoingbeyond thegiven information and transforming it to get an answer to aquestion  Problem-solving relieson manycognitiveprocesses o Attention (attendingtotheaspectsoftheproblemthatare most impt) o Memory (bringing to mind strategies/techniques that worked in the past) o Language (understandingand communicatingtheproblem)  Long thought to be a unique human ability o E.g.Koehler Problem solving cycle o 7 general stepstaken whilesolvingproblems o Problem identification o Identifying that youhaveaproblemcan sometimes be a difficult step! e.g.writing a term paper o Problem definition o Once we have identifiedthat wehaveaproblem, we need todefine and represent it well e.g.topic of your paper scopeaudience o Thisisa critical step,becauseiftheproblemisinaccuratelydefined,we are lesslikely to solveit o Constructing a strategy o Howdo we go about solvingour problem? o Analytic approach  breakingtheproblemintopieces o Synthesisapproach  puttingthevariouselements together o Divergent thinking  generateanumber ofdifferent waysof solving the problem o Convergentthinking narrowdown toplausibleways o Organization of information o Once you have a strategyyouneed toorganizeyour information o You may need to revisitthisstep o Resource allocation o Often times problem solving is constrained e.g. by money, space or time o Skipped 6 o Evaluation o Did we get it right?Howwasthesolution? o E.g.grade on the paper o Stepsare dynamic and often wegoback and forth throughthese steps, not a linear progression
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