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Lecture 12

PSYC 215 Lecture Notes - Lecture 12: Attachment Theory, John Bowlby, Attachment In Adults


Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYC 215
Professor
Mark Baldwin
Lecture
12

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Attachment and close relationships
The close relationships literature examines:
Types (friendship, family, romantic)
and styles (Companionate,
passionate) of relationships
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Attractions and relationship initiation
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Self-disclosure and intimacy
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Satisfaction and commitment
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Relationship, conflict and termination
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Background:
Bowlby's attachment theory (1969)
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Evolution has "wired" humans to
seek closeness and, thereby,
emotional security.
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This is mainly present with children
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Survival key and in a group you'd be
safer.
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We learn patterns of closeness:
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Expectancies about whether
others will be available and
lecture 12
Tuesday, October 15, 2019
2:40 PM

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others will be available and
responsive
"working models" of how best
to achieve closeness and
emotional
Adult attachment theory:
-
Do similar attachment
principles apply to adult close
relationships?
We used this to see how close
we can be with other adults.
Attachment theory's:
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Secure: fine with the
relationship and being close
Avoidant: would like some
space
Anxious: needing a lot of space
and cannot be attached
*these are the attachment styles
that we associate with adult
relationships*
Simpson et al. (1992)
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How does attachment styles
relate to reaction tests?
Method:
Recruited couples
§
Measured the attachment
styles
§
Woman told, "hey you'll
be part of a stressful
experiment"
§
Couple then videotaped
while they waited for 5
min
§
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