PSYC 215 Lecture Notes - Lecture 21: Call Money, Procedural Knowledge, Snob

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PSYC215–Lecture#21:CulturalConstructionofReality
Atonepointthepieceofpaperwecallmoneybecamevaluable
Wouldn’thavetobeatsomeoneuptobuyasandwich
Atsomepoint,astickwasconsideredcurrency
HandshakesarealsoaverynaturalactioninWesterncultures


SharedReality
Peoplearemotivatedtoachievemutualunderstandingor‘sharedreality’withothersinorderto
oEstablish,maintain,andregulateinterpersonalrelationships,and..
oPerceivethemselvesandtheirenvironmentsasstable,predictable,meaningful,
andpotentiallycontrollable
Theindividual’spsychologyisshapedthroughengagementwithandparticipationintheculture
Culture(language,political/legalsystem,media,educational/caretakingpractices,normsand
values)àPsychology(goalsandbehavior,scriptedinteractions,selfconcept,evaluation,
concepts,proceduralknowledge)
EuropeanAmerican:
oPersonisindependent,selfcontained
oInternalattributes(traits,abilities,motives)
Asian:
oPersonfundamentallyinterdependentwithothers
oRoles,rules,socialexpectations,relationships

Miller(1984)
Causalattribution:
Wouldpeoplefromdifferentculturalbackgroundsmakedifferentattributions?
DoneinIndiaandChicago
S’s:adults,15,11,and8yearsold
Askedthemtotellaboutsomethingsomeonedid
Whydotheythinktheydidthis?
Results
oU.S.Disposition:40%,Context18%
oIndiaDisposition20%,Context40%
oPeoplefromwesternculturestendtofocusmoreonpersonalityattributions
(dispositionalinformation)whilepeoplefromeasternculturestendtofocusmore
onsituationalattributions(contextualinformation)
Videooffishshowninclass
oVeryconfidentitisbecauseonefishisleadingtheothers123…..12Very
confidentitisbecausetheonefishisbeingchasedbytheotherfish
oResult:AmericanparticipantsgivelowernumbersthanChineseparticipantsgive
Doculturallyspecificwaysofthoughtfunctioninamannersimilartootherformsofsocial
cognition?
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