PSYC 332 Lecture Notes - Lecture 14: Conscientiousness, Ring Toss, List Of Mainline My Little Pony Ponies

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20 Jul 2016
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The Big Three Motives: 20:49
The big5: Only one aspect of personaoity psychology- to really know
someone well, you would wanna know more than their standing on the big
five traits.
Other aspects- That aren’t traits, and how we can assess that and what tat
would tell us about people.
The big 3 motives-Fairly well-developed area- long history, in the past-
students find this interesting also.
-What are the big three motives and how might they effect our lives???????
-Does it matter if we are not even aware of our motives.
Motives: What we strive for, what we are oriented towards in our lives-
explain more about why we do the things we do rather than how we do it.
Big5- Consistencies in social and emotional behaviour- how we behave.
Motives- why we behave, why we pursue those things.
Motivation psych- leading is david mcellenad- 1990- dominant motivation
researcher in 50s-60s-70s.
-A lot of the work is based on work he did or his students have done.
Film clip- Figuring out, what are their standing on the big 5 traits- first
spiderman movie from the year 2000, most popular movie of its time, been
replaced by other newer movies –Peter parker becomes spidermand and in
high school, have a convo. About how their life is going-From the convo. Pick
up on the dominant big 5, but also tells us other things about them- their
plans for the future, what they tend to orient toward and something about
their movies.
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The 3 big motives:
The need for achievement.
The need for power.
The need for affiliation or intimacy.
That comes through in this segment too.
Film Clip:
The first spiderman movie, popular because the reviewers said it was not
only exciting action, but very human characters that we identify with- secret
charm of the movie- nice romantic story there too.
-Peter and Mary Jane Personality:
Extraversion: Low- they are introverted- they speak very softly- that is acue
to introversion.
Both of them are more towards the intro. End
Mary jane wants to be an actress and perform on the stage- would an intro.
Want too- this is where motives come into play- what you strive for, think
about, what you think will arouse you.
If you have high need on power, want to have people notice you- impact
people- mary jane is intro. But has a high need for power.
-It turns out that the big 3 motives and big 5- are independent systems, so
that there is no overlap- possible to have someone who characteristically is
morequiet and reserved but still has the motive to be noticed and perform
infront of others.
-Agreeableness:
High on agreeableness- intimate and empathic convo.- suggests that they
are probably higher on communion and agreeableness.
Mary jane is constantly kidnapped by monsters- which elevates her
neuroticism, but they are pretty low.
Conscientiousness- taking out the garbage, talking about uni. And working
part time and paying it- peter is high on it/ mary we do not know.
Highlight that in terms of the big5- pick this up pretty quickly.
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McAdams-Key point:
Unlikely that we just know traits about people.
It is likely that you know a person well by knowing what the persons life is
like, what it has been like in the past and the future- as part of this
knowledge, you may have access to the person’s desires, needs, wishes,
wants, goals, challenges, values and the unique way in which the person
puts this all together, puts this together in a narrative pattern to make sense
of who he/she is.
This is what distinguishes between people you know well and people you do
not- you know their traits, but a lot more about them and their personality.
When we know someone and know them well- know them well by knowing
what their life is like, etc.
Mary jane and peter are neighbors, looks like they do not know each other
well but peter knows her parents are always fighting and yelling and that
she is probably having a difficult adolescence- tough family environment and
she knows he is an orphan living with aunts and uncle- they know about
each others life story.
Level 2 personality- personal concerns, motives and desires.
The knowledge part- motivational and developmental, has to do primarily
with what people are striving for, dealing with in their lives at this moment.
The Three Levels of Personality:
-Traits.
-Personal Concerns:
Big 3 Motives.
Attachment Styles.
Developmental Stages.
“More particular aspects of personality that describe personal adaptations to
motivational, cognitive, and developmental challenges and tasks.”
-Life Narrative:
“Internalized and evolving narratives of the self that people construct to
integrate the past, present and future and provide life with a sense of
meaning and purpose.”
-McAdams introduced this structure.
The levels are largely independent of each other and they are NOT
hierarchical, so you can’t use level 2 and level 3 back down to level 1.
First level is the big 5 traits-characteristic way of behaving and experiencing
emotion.
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