PSYC 333 Lecture Notes - Stanford Prison Experiment, Kurt Lewin, Extraversion And Introversion

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PSYC333 Lecture 1 - Jan. 10
Personality Psychology:
Understanding basic human nature
i.e., Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs - basic needs such as eating, warmth, etc.
being at the bottom of hierarchy and those of achievement, love, etc. being at
the top of the hierarchy
Understanding the individual differences
The big five ‘personality’ traits:
Openness
Consciousness
Agreeableness
Extraversion
Neuroticism
Traits should predict behaviour across situations and over time
Example: Sally is high in consciousness, we know she should be a good
and reliable friend and studies hard for her exams
Experimental Social Psychology (1940-1980):
The Power of the Situation (to override individual differences)
Asch’s ‘Conformity Research’
Zimbardo’s ‘Stanford Prison Experiment’
Darley & Latané’s ‘Bystander Intervention’
Powerful situations can override these individual differences; for example, helping
behaviour, authoritarian/abusive behaviour
Person X Situation:
Kurt Lewin was father of social psychology
Kurt Lewin: (B)ehaviour = (f)unction [(P)erson/(E)nvironment]
Importance of person was known particularly the importance of a person’s subjec-
tive understanding of the environment can influence the behaviour
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