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History of Sexuality cont.

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McGill University
PSYC 436
Irving Binik

← China: • Family life = role of women not better there than anywhere else, didn’t have many rights o Obligations for the husband to treat their wives well (1 way was sexually) o Each husband must provide for their wife (sexually) no matter how many wives they had • Prostitution = there was a range o Higher class – were very well respected, and meant not to provide for sex; higher educated, provided good food, and to escape from whatever was going on at home • Body part that came important in china – tiny feet o Intensely sought after o Why did tiny feet become a sex symbol?  prevented women from getting aroused, evolutionary (many hypotheses) • Chinese Porcelain Mid 18 Century • Chinese Porcelain, 1662-1722 ← Biblical Hebrews • Sex is good BUT only for the purpose of procreation • Sexual practices not for procreation was forbidden • Anti-procreation: homosexuality, sex work, abortion  strongly prohibited • No sex manuals, but look at the legal writings of Judaism – a lot of discussion of sexual activity, sometimes in legal context and sometimes not ← Early Christianity • Far as we know of Jesus, he was celibate o He condemned adultery HOWEVER when brought the adulterous woman, he forgave her • St. Paul – sex should be avoided and celibacy preferred o Knew that it was an ideal but a way of following Jesus • AD – sex as procreation; when done procreating, sex shouldn’t be done • Early church not big on the concept of family or women’s rights – divorce was a sin (women could not be discarded) o Women could be the spiritual equal of man (not in Pagan or Jewish belief) o Middle Ages (c 476—1453) • Church continued the taboo POV o Legislation of positions, view on procreation (OK for procreation), homosexuality was unacceptable • Church in the middle ages: o Phenomenon of flatulency – making yourself suffer in order to receive salvation ← Victorianism (c 1835—1900) • Never to say anything explicitly – euphemisms • Obsessed w/ the physical hazards of sex – too much sex is bad for you • Masturbation considered a major worry – parents worried that their children would engage in it during the night • Views on women: not consistent o In novels, women portrayed as pure, unattainable, moral superiors – but also found could be toppled and sexual o Certainly not interested as men ← 1900-1919: • a drug that treated syphilis • 1 birth control clinic st • 1 pornography film ← 1920s: first sexual revolution • women got the vote • cheek-to-cheek dancing ← 1930s: • birth rate dropped dramatically • net result, changes of role of women changed dramatically ← 1940s: • penicillin – put an end to syphilis ← 1950st • 1 sex change operation • 1 playboy • 1 bikini ← 1960s: • birth control pill ← 1970s: • stopped thinking homosexuality was psychopathological ← ← Theories of Sexuality ← “Early” 20 Century Theorists • Henry Havelock-Ellis (1859-1939) o Autobiographical Info  British physician – either he was a bad physician or had no interest, but he didn’t work a lot  Literary critic o “Studies in the Psychology of Sex” (1899-1910)  General Approach  Case history method (selections from writings) • Interested in people’s sexual history • Invited ppl to come talk to him about their sexual
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