Class Notes (835,511)
Canada (509,212)
Psychology (3,336)
PSYC 436 (36)
Lecture

Class notes

11 Pages
92 Views
Unlock Document

Department
Psychology
Course
PSYC 436
Professor
Irving Binik
Semester
Fall

Description
9/27 27/09/2011 07:55:00 ← If inc sex from once a month to once a week is like making an extra 50,000 a year in the happiness equation • Something about sex is related to well being—we don’t know if it’s physically or psychologically or whatever ← Motivated laumann study—spread of disease and STDs • If understand behavior that transmits disease better than have better handle prevention o Do this by surveys—but do people tell truth o In most populations the spread is still going up—hasn’t been controlled in any way  We don’t really know why but there are models that try and explain this:  FISHER IMB MODEL • Information, motivation, behavioral model o It’s really a general health model than can be applired to this • Info: 1) doesn’t predict anything because now everyone knows what predicts the spread of AIDS. E.g. everyone knows that smoking is bad but the info has little effect o Fisher says it’s the RELATED info that is what counts  Says should correct info people THINK is correct but is wrong  E.g. monogamous relationships are safe, it’s too late anyways I’ve had unprotected sex  Says have to get way more sophisticated about our info • Motivation: o 1) have to have positive attitudes about prevention e.g. in relationship need to both have positive attitudes about prevention o Have to be motivated to do something about it. Can have all the right info o 2) Perceived normative support: are people around you or people that you perceive to be relavant to you. are they engaging in those behaviors or do they agree about statements and info around it  Motivation will suffer if don’t o 3) Estimation of personal vulnerability  on avg people will give themselves a LOWER vulnerability to the population average. It’s the SAME unless doing something different. Best guess is the base rate  have to work on this motivation and unconvince people • Behavioral skills o Buying condoms, keeping condoms, negotiating safe sex practices with partner, testing etc that will help but if uncomfortable and havnet practiced. Have to practice skills and will help • Fisher is doing a lot of work in Africa and places that have a high amount: o Well know if works through surveys and drop in number or lack of drop o Even if testing we need to know how things happened Conclusion: can we get truth from survey self report? • We don’t know. • Right now if took survey from people in the field of FDA, sexologist, etc o They will say self report is the best measure we have right now o Better than behavioral and physiological but it’s the best we have ← Use converging methods: if checking for a behavior in a couple, can check with the opposite couple to see if the data converges • We’ll never know if it’s the real truth ← ← Technology of self reports would improve a ton if we had one major one every 50 years. We need to do them more frequently. Not a lot of funding is going towards it right now ← ← Structure of course: ← Theory- what do we mean by desire, arousal etc. not totally definable. We need a good defn to study properly ← Research- choose set of expts about each topic to demonstrate at least one line of research ← Application-clinical application part. Take problems with each topic and discuss how research has helped us develop how we deal with these problems ← ← Chose these 3 topics because constitute new sexual response cycle ← ← In 1970’s plateau and resolution disappeared • People didn’t find them useful, there was no research. It was a figment of masters and johnsons models. People stopped talking about them so they got dropped from models of sexuality Why did desire appear in cycle • For clinical reasons-nothing in masters and johnsons about lack of desire. Clinicians who tried to work within this model were flooded by people complaining (in 1970s almost 100% women) about low sexual desire. Couldn’t find it as part of the model so realized it was a problem. • Did low desire appear suddenly as a problem in 1970s? o No body knows the answer b/c surveys didn’t ask much about it before then o Binik doesn’t think this is a new problem that just appeared in 1970s.  Opinion: people began to be concerned about sexual desire because of social mileau that was occurring  Second sexual resolution in 1960s: sex because very positively evaluated  No such thing as too much sex. No STDS. Birth control widely available. All sex good.  People thought were missing out and had low sexual desire. Maybe it was a relative thing • Now men complain about low sexual desire too. In 2011, almost as many men complaining about low sexual desire as women o Binik doesn’t think it’s something about evolution. He thinks it sociocultural ← ← ← Class Survey about sexual desire: • We would expect erection to be most common male response  physical markers • From women getting mostly physical sensations as well • Surprised not more emotional and cognitive reponses from women • Women almost always use more words  words indicative of a much wider defn of what came up from arousal o Arousal—usually gets boiled down to physical actions o Desire—includes physical but includes cognitive emotional stuff • Problems: when think about arousal there are 2 kinds: o If binik had pushed us, for women: difference between subjective aspects of arousal vs. physical o If binik had primed us and told us to give subjective, arousal would be hard to differentiate between desire ← ← SO if there is subjective arousal, whats the difference between it and desire ← ← Problems of desire • What is desire exactly? • Is there a demarcation between physical and psychological • If think of desire as an emotion. James-lange—if take away all the physical symptoms, what’s left? Is that anger? o Are they linked, or can you have a nonphysical emotion • Long history of trying to say d
More Less

Related notes for PSYC 436

Log In


OR

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit