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Lecture 2: Motivation

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PSYC 471
Richard Koestner

Sept 8 - Midterm Thursday October 20 during class time. come 10min later than usual Beyond Setting SMART Goals: Exploring Why and How We Pursue Goals - the most common goal that we set is trying to lose weight, and it's very difficult - goal setting is the primary way we try to motivate ourselves - if we set a goal, we have to focus attention, give effort and persist - if you look at the example of new years resolutions, this is one goal where we actually track if we've succeeded or not - you keep failing at the same goals over and over and over How can we overcome our self-control limitations to succeed at our personal goals? - clip from CTV: when a goal is made public, it's a lot harder to back off. it's also recommended that you get a lot of social support - this is the perspective of the social psychologist - it's not possible to change someone so that they're romantically attracted to you if this is not the case already - a second A in SMART: frame your goal as something you want to approach rather than avoid - Return to Norcross study: other possible predictors of success - - Desire to change - Importance - Social Support - Readiness - Self-efficacy - Readiness and self-efficacy were very highly correlated and also likely to predict success - self-efficacy: beliefs about your abilioty to successfully perform certain actions. it is not self esteem and it is not actual ability - benefits of self-efficacy: it helps you focus your attention more effectively, exert more effort and stay optimistic in the face of obstacles - you can be a high self-esteem person and still have low self-efficacy in - self-efficacy is not perfectly related to your level of performance - higher self-efficacy allows you to achieve - to enhance your self-efficacy, try to think of a similar goal that you succeeded at in the past or think of someone who's similar as you who has succeeded at your goal - there's something else, but it's harder to do it: try to find some mastery experiences that will make you feel more self-effective - an incredibly smart goal can fail - two ways to overcome self-control limitations: select or develop autonomous (self-concordant; the extent to which a goal reflects your values versus how much you feel compelled to do so based on internal and external pressure) goals and support your goal with implementation plans - we have to have an implementation plan of when, where and how we're going to achieve the goal, and this has to make the goal automatic - if we set a goal for ourselves, this doesn't necessarily mean that
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