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Lecture

March 11 - PSYC473.docx

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Department
Psychology
Course
PSYC 473
Professor
Mark Baldwin
Semester
Winter

Description
03/11 Self-Awareness and Self-Regulation  Self-Conception: “Who am I?”  Self-Evaluation: “How good/bad am I?” – Comparing ourselves to standards  Self-Regulation: Control of behaviour o Controlling and guiding our behaviour in line with these issues of self-image and standards  It’s useful to see how much your behaviour is controlled through this process of thinking about yourself and regulating your behaviour in line with your self-concept  Examples – We are guiding our behaviour in many ways o Speeding – you may like to do it but you don’t o Taxes – isn’t always an enjoyable thing to do but it must be done o Bullying – impulses that may not fit with who we want to be – may be able to regulate this o Chocolate  Self-Awareness: degree to which a person is paying attention to his/her own thoughts, feelings, and behaviours o We can be self-aware and even non-human animals can be self-aware but this doesn’t mean that we always are o The degree to which a person is paying attention to themselves  What causes this sense of self-awareness  Some sources of Self-Awareness: o Social disruptions – there is some disruption in the interaction – you don’t know how to act, or you’re stuck in some way – suddenly become very aware of your existence in the world o Salience of self – something about your self or you position in the situation draws your attention to the self  i.e. if you got a new pair of glasses or something – become very aware because you can stand out in some way  i.e. dining alone – feeling more visible o Personality variable  Self-consciousness – tend to be more focused on themselves rather than other people  Look at individual differences o Self-focusing stimuli  i.e. doing an experiment while looking into a mirror  Effects of Self-Awareness o 1) Self-Evaluation  Discrepancies – If YES  Negative Affect  If you look long enough you’re going to find something wrong with yourself – you’re always wanting more and always thinking you should be better  Wicklund (1978)  Didn’t want them to look into a camera and fill out some self-esteem scale – you don’t want to let people know what we’re studying  Rating carpet samples – He told them how different carpet samples lead people to think about themselves o i.e. having a brighter coloured carpet could make people feel better o Had people look at the carpet samples nd rate how they feel about themselves o While this was happening, some people could see themselves in a camera  Found that seeing your image on camera made them feel less good about themselves  TV showing self (vs. not), or cowboy pic o Third condition with a cowboy o People who were feeling carpets and rating their self-esteem felt better when there was a cowboy film going on o Something that pulls them away from feeling critical about their self-image  Lowest self-evaluations when self-focused  However there are cases where if you’ve had something positive happen throughout the week it could boost your self-esteem and you may rate your self- worth as higher o These boosts only last for a short period of time o 2) Behavioural Self-Regulation:  a. Social Standards  Diener and Wallbom(1976)  Did their experiment on campus where 81% of them were opposed to cheating  Students given chance to cheat – if you give people a good enough opportunity to cheat they often will  Even let the subject know that they won’t get caught – they’re supposed to stop after 5 minutes  The question is will people continue to cheat after 5 minutes?  IV: ½ seated in front of mirror o Induced self-awareness and should this make any difference to their behaviour?  Found that: o No mirror 71% cheated – when the bell goes off they’re supposed to stop cheating – this is an intelligence test so people are going to want to continue cheating o Mirror 7% cheated  With a mirror there you become more aware of your existence and you feel that you should act in a certain way  How does society regulate our behaviour? – We adopt the social norms of society  We have a capacity for self-awareness and triggers a stream and sequence of thoughts that brings our behaviour into line  b. Personal Standards  We don’t just do what society tells us but what we believe in  We conduct ourselves in a manner that fits with what we believe and who we think we are  Gibbons (1978)  Premeasure of sex guilt – gave this to women o Measure of attitude toward pornography and your attitude to sexual activity  DV: enjoyment rating of pornography  If you already know their score on this measure of sexual a
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