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RELG 207 (83)
Lecture

judaism

3 Pages
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Department
Religious Studies
Course Code
RELG 207
Professor
Eyad Atallah

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Description
The Study of World Religions RELG 207 Friday February 18, 2010 YHWH (Yahweh) - The Jewish name for God. It is usually unspoken. It literally means “I am who I am.” It denotes a God that is personal, all powerful, and all loving. Ethical Monotheism- Monotheism means “God is one.” It is ethical monotheism because God is just and righteous, and he cares about human welfare. Creation (Nature) – By creation, we mean God has created the world as good and the world is not something to escape from. It is not an illusion, a source of evil, a realm of suffering, etc. There is something intrinsically good about being here. Image of God- Human beings. Human beings are different than plants, animals, etc. Being created in the image of God means that humans have a specific purpose here, which is to rule over and care for this world. Sin- To miss the mark and not fulfilling the role you were created for. For example, if all human beings were created in the image of God and you go out and kill someone, then you miss the mark because you fail to realize that everyone was created in the image of God. Hebrew Bible- It includes 39 books. There are 5 types of books: law, prophetic books, historical books, poetry, and wisdom literature. Torah (Law) - The first five books in the Hebrew Bible: Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, the Book of Numbers, and Deuteronomy (deuter- the second giving + onomy- law = the second giving of the law). Promised Land- This is the land that God promised to Abraham and to his descendants in the book of Genesis. The boundaries of this land occupy roughly present day Israel. Chosen People- God has chosen a specific group of people out of all of humanity, which initiates a process where the whole of humanity can be reconciled to him. The Jewish people have realized that being “chosen” may include suffering both on behalf of other people and on behalf of your faith. This has a profound meaning in terms of the Holocaust. This is how they make sense of the large number of people that died during this period. In this way, you can find a spiritual meaning in suffering. Covenantal History- The history recorded in the Hebrew Bible that is read as conversations between God and his disciples. It always has a moral point. Genesis- The first book in the Hebrew Bible that contains stories about the creation and the calling of Abraham. Genesis comes from the Greek word meaning “to begin.” Exodus- The second book in Hebrew Bible. It contains stories about how God called Moses to lead the people out of Egypt, where they were being held as slaves. Also, i
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