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Lecture 15

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McGill University
Religious Studies
RELG 253
Victor S?gen Hori

Pure Land Buddhism in Japan Pure Land (Jodo) vs Zen Buddhism Zen Jiriki (self-power) Zazen (seated meditation) Difficult monastic practice Kensho (enlightenment) Jodo Tariki (Other-power) Nembutsu (chanting the name of the Buddha) Easy lay practice Shinjin (true entrusting) Amida Bu Amitabha: the Buddha of the infinite light Amitayus: the Buddha of infinite life Amita = not measurable Pure Land of the West Dharmakara bodhisattva 48 bodhisattva vows Vows to create a Pure Land Bodhisattva Buddha in training To become Buddha to save all sentient beings; not to become Buddha Pure land is between samsara and nirvana To get to Nirvana you need to be reborn again To be born into the Pure Land is to be born inside a lotus flower floating on a river The Ojo of Shoku Ojo = death and rebirth 49 days of death then rebirth in one of the 6th rounds of samsara Shoku is a disciple of Honen Raigo The coming of Amida The 18th vow To attain Buddhahood, all beings in ten quarters (the entire universe) must be born in the Pure Land 5 grave sins Killing father Killing mother Killer an arhat Shedding the blood of a buddha Destroying the harmony of the sangha Evolution of Pure Land Thought Shinran is one of the the founders of the pure land buddhism Honen was Shinran's teacher Major historical changes Hard path (saints and sages) --> easy path (pure land path) Nembutsu as meditation --> nembutsu becomes mantra Self power jiriki --> other power tariki Exclusion clause (exclusive) --> exclusion clause (inclusive) Only sinners are saved to only non-sinners are saved Shan Tao The Pure Land Path is for common mortals Nembutsu as chanting the name Five right acts Chanting sutra
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