Class Notes (836,414)
Canada (509,777)
SOCI 211 (102)

Lecture 1.docx

3 Pages
Unlock Document

Sociology (Arts)
SOCI 211
Yasmin Bayer

Ordinary Inquiry  Where do you get your information? How do you form ideas about what is going on around us? Making sense of the world in everyday life. o Media; internet, authority; profs, experience, casual observations, friends, peers, books o Tradition (agreement reality) - "it's the way it has always been" - part of the socialization process  Family - ex. Parents teach you things when you are younger - what they think is normal is internalized by you  Pros - time efficient (simplifies complex world), conforming to majority (so you don't stick out)  Cons - not always right, based on narrow view of the world, difficult to challenge a norm, hinder further inquiry o Authority - people or institutions - celebrities, media, experts  Pros - reliability, accessible (media makes information available)  Cons - experts don't always agree with each other, authority figures have an agenda (ex. Media is censored), experts talk outside of their expertise o Personal Experience (direct experience reality) -observation - "seeing is believing" o Common sense - can originate in tradition - it makes sense to you so you internalize it Errors in Inquiry  Inaccurate observations - memory plays games on you, you don't pay attention to certain things around you, we forget things and don't notice things o Safe guard: know what you want to know before hand (conscious planning/decision to pay attention), record it (tape it, picture, write it down), cooperation with others  Selective Observation - take notice of things which confirm to what you already believe/know ex. Racial and ethnic prejudice o Safe guard: look for things that challenge what you believe (conscious decision to look at whole picture including deviant cases)  Over generalization - few similar events and reaching a conclusion from them - "general pattern is like this" o Safe guard: look for a large sample  Illogical reasoning (gambler's fallacy) - ex use the same numbers all the time for lottery, you're more likely to win, longer you keep going  Halo effect - tied to replying solely or predominantly on authority - dazzled and amazed by authority and the power they have so you take everything they say as correct Scientific Inquiry - difference between scientific inquiry and human and ordinary inquiry - how people vs. scientists make sense of the world  Two pillars: logic (relates to theory) and observation  Systematic study - we don't constantly sit and think things through, so there is accidental way of making sense of the world, in science we do  Objectivity - we strive for, hard to achieve - Durkheim thought sociology could be like hard sciences - Weber disagreed, strive for objectivity yet impossible, even the questions we ask have an element of objectivity - we usually turn to things that interest us, so it is objective in nature  Clarity and precision in defining concepts and measures - start from the beginning and define your concepts to clarify it for yourself and your audience  Procedures should be accessible - others should be able to duplicate your experiment - why professors publish their research, so people can compare and go further
More Less

Related notes for SOCI 211

Log In


Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.