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SOCI 326 (16)
Lecture

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Department
Sociology (Arts)
Course
SOCI 326
Professor
Jelena Ristic
Semester
Fall

Description
th  Date of Midterm  February 18 5-7pm  You should have four sections  Production techniques are now the same  Lean production at the lowest possible costs and that involved a flexible workforce and people  Just in time inventory systems  Company used to keep 100s of millions of dollars in inventory  You need huge buildings to store that inventory and you got money tied up and equipment that won’t be used for a couple of months  Steve Jobs is a good example, you should never let failure kill you  Steve Jobs started apple and board of directors replaced him as the CEO  With company founder, Jobs started up a new company  Midas Touch when it came to business  Apple wasn’t doing so well so they asked Jobs back  When he got back, he discovered that Apple had two months of inventor  We got the supplier another two days  This gets vast saving  Just in time inventory pioneered by Japanese and now practiced world wide  Employees are talked to be sensitive quality of product  A number belongs to an employee  Obviously the product he passed  If something happens in the meantime and the flaw the person who checked it  We call that TQM  Total Quality Management o Japanese pioneered this  All transnational corporations are involved in this  Later unions typically resist total quality management because it required workers to cooperate with management team  Unions want works to stay at arms length  You don’t want workers being too cozy to management  Worker management hostility or worker management antago  the barrier between workers and union is broken down  electronic surveillance at the workplace  big brother is watching you camera is watching you  employers can’t put cameras in washroom  opticon refers to a design of early prisons the way they are designed of early prisons, there would be a guard tower and the guards could see prisoners at all times  prisoners were never out of sight of guards  the idea behind that if you know you are being watched you are likely to behave  electronic surveillance watched  AWT  Actual Working Time o Form of electronic surveillance o If an employer is working on a computer entering data, you can’t do it for all jobs o If your job is to sit there at a terminal and enter data, what the company does with working time it puts software in the computer and keeps track of when you stop working o So if you work 7 hours a day and at end of the day printout reveals you only worked 5 hours o Computer supervises work  When workers are aware of that, they are most likely to not slack off  On the political left argue that economic globalization erodes the power of national governments which are democratically elected  So the financial muscle of huge national corporation undermines the nation state  The International capital is not accountable to workers  This tends to be an argument more on the left  The argument goes on to say national governments lose power to international capital  Economic globalization means free trade agreements are becoming increasingly popular  National governments, were able to protect domestic industry and jobs  One time in Canada we have a textile and shoe industry  The industries are gone now  They disappeared because free trade means import duties can no longer be slapped on incoming countries  Sometimes this is called protectionism protect home grown industries  When you get rid of protectionism and import duties, you are going to lose out for some sectors to cheaper imports  To protect jobs  National laws need to becareful of environmental laws  If you have too many environmental laws, it costs too much  Mexico is well known for having lax environmental laws  If wages are too high, then remove it take the company else where  A lot of pressure put on trade unions  We got wages, environmental  Safety laws, if they’re too strict, they cost companies too much money  We seen that struggle happen in Canada where several sectors were given ultimatums  New York, Tokyo, London big bank financial insititutions where capital is  For investment purposes  International something knows no loyalty  Example of this is given by Microsoft  few years ago, gave its orders to its workers to train overseas workers in what they were doing and once these overseas workers were trained, the workers were let go  The nation state is held up the democratically state is held up as an ideal and being undermined by nasty capitalism  People on the left generally dislike capitalism, and most of them were communists, but not to many any more after collapse of Soviet Union  China follows capitalist rules but is considered communist country  What is often not said, in connection to global  So often as not said, international trade lowers prices significantly for consumers so thus you have places like WalMart, major retailers, and  Went to jail for life Erbers  went to prison for life for fraud  Burney Nadof  was a wealthy individual, investment firm, paunsey scheme (when you invest in an invesmtment house, and they pay you interest on your invest)  Burney Naydof paid 10% on investment  that is unheard of  Burney Naydof was paying this 10% from the money he got from new recruits and so he never really had any money  He was given three life terms  Growth of political institutions  Internationally elite of fabulously wealthy individuals comes with globalization  These are financiers  money men, bankers, people who work in companies, wall street types  Senior employees, global corporations, economic elites o People on the list  Communications tom cruise and Nicole kidman o Big money makers  In sports, you have fabulously wealthy elite  Soccer players, Messi – Barcelona  Ronaldo Portugal  David Beckham  England  Kobe Bryant, Lebron James, yow ming (retired)  Hockey players  Crosby, malkon, clitcho brothers in boxing  International elites of three fabulously wealthy people have been formed  I don’t know much about the financial side of cricket  Cricket next to soccer is the most globalized sport, baseball comes behind cricket  Political institutions and United Nations  They tend to ignore global political organizations undermines national sovereignty and so have organizations like the EU (European Union)  United Nations  Growth of political institutions  History of how the UN was formed  All you have to know is that if he mentioned UNICEF is the United Nation’s Children’s Fund  When you are giving to charity  ask what proportion of every dollar goes to the people that actually need it  UNICEF has one of the worst records of all charitable organizaitons when it comes to that  The CEO of UNICEF receives 1.2 million a year which is 100 000 dollars a month plus all expenses plus a rolls Royce  If you want to give to charity  For the oakridge community centre who have breakfast for needy children  Before they go to school go to oakridge and get breakfast  Children who go to school with an empty stomach don’t learn very well  One of the best organization  100% in oakridge goes to it because people administering it are volunteers  one of the best charitable organizations is Salvation Army  90% goes to charitable  United Way is not as good  Countries that are members of the EU are subject to Parliament and subject to European courts  Neither is the high court in EU same thing applies  Merits and demerits in globalization are not raised  There was a case in Canada in which a war criminal for another countries made that supreme court of Canada made a decision should be deported , and they were going to deported and UN said no you can’t deport  the branch for UN Committee against torture setting  many countries in that committee practice torture  We have UN deport individual, you cant send back, he might torture  UN is not elected  We have electorial control over our courts  We elect the prime minister so we have democratic control  When it comes to UN we have no control over it  A global culture  two theses here o Single symbolic global culture (global consciousness) o (global culture) o is globalization producing a single symbolic global culture o if you can analyze globally o many people think globally today o many people say it began in 1969 o Neil Armstrong, took picture of the earth o Walking on the moon o High-definition picture very sharp and presents the earth as a whole and totality against the blackness of space o People after 1969 used to call earth spaceship o How did our consciousness, how has it evolved over time o Our consciousness used to be rooted in our households o Immediate relatives and extended relativeness o Our consciousness was located in the kinship group and then it moved to band, to clan, to tribe and then finally under feudalism moved to feudal village and a feudal Campton and then to nation state  main political unit that we find in the world today o Nation state has its own defined economy because nation state has borders and they are protected and watched to some degree and nation state has its own money o So legal system has its own weights and measures o We used to use the old imperial system in Canada o We have a hybrid between Metrics and old Imperial system o Best example of globalization is the environmental movement particularly global warming o The UN takes a leading role here, the IPCC (International Panel of Climate Change) UN global rule o Global culture  two Theses o We have hybridization thesis and the homogenization thesis o A hybrid is a mixture of different elements homogenization means all the same o So is global culture is hybrid or homogenous o Probably a bit of both o McDonaldization representation of homogenization and formation of a single global culture o Fastfood industry and MCDs operates the same everywhere o Mcdonalds come to go with the spread of value o When people talk about homogeonization o United states has most powerful military o No other countries have one to speak of o When people talk of homogenoization they have mcds model in mind o Homogenization pushed by US  largest economy, largest cultural, music, movies influence (soft power) military (Hard power o Coca Colonizaiton has spread American culture throughout the world o Global culture is becoming homogenized o What does evidence say? o Ideas of democracy represent there are lots of differences around the world o Mentions coca cola MTV, CNN American icons, Disney, Basketball, and Baseball etc. o Basketball is behind cricket which is behind soccer which is behind baseball o Critics say homogenization exaggerates influence o America can be held with suspicion and fear and outright hostility on some occaisons o Perhaps homogenization overstates the influences o What we see happening globally is a return of ethnic separatism o Globalization is supposed to mean the disappearance of ethnic identiy o For a single global symbolic culture o When we see the world today we see a return to ethnic identity o When old soviet union collapsed 1988 1990 we saw country break up along ethnic lines o Yugoslavia collapsed, broke up, into warring ethnic groups  were in war kind of before o Ethnic groups in Yogoslavia  bosnians, croats, serbs, cosovars, montongreims (5 different ethnicities that used to make up old Yugoslavia) held together by communist system and when it collapsed they emerged o Sometimes ethnic identities are so strong that they can unleash ethnic cleansing o Ethnic cleansing  one ethnic group systematically killing another ethnic group o Serbs were killing bosniacs etc. o Africai n 1990s in Rwanda, Hutu and Tutsis were killing each other, ethnic tribal groups o Because of this, many people say that hybridization thesis has more merit which means that global culture will remain a mixture of different cultures o If you work for a big transnational corporation that corporation will
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