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Department
Anthropology
Course
ANTHROP 2FF3
Professor
Karen Mc Garry
Semester
Winter

Description
01312014LearnedpersonalandsocialtypesofaffiliationthathelpuslearnhowtobelonginsocietyIdentitiesarelearnedPersonandsocialtypesofaffiliationhowyoudefineasenseofselfasanindividualasapartofsocietyThroughidentitieswelearnsocialnormsappropriatevsinappropriateExamplesagesexsexualitysexualorientationsocialclassnationalityraceethnicityreligiousspiritualidentityAgegenerationgapaffinitytowardseachotherwithasharedloveforgenreofmusictvetcSexmaleorfemaleSexualorientationheterohomoSocialclasshowyoudefineyourselfineconomictermsNationalityCanadianJapaneseetcRacephysicalattributeslikeskincolourEthnicitybeingGreekItalianetcidentitiesareoftenlearnednuturecultureAreouridentitiesbiologicalieArewebornwiththemoraretheytheresultofculturalforcesnurtureIdentitiesarethebyproductofNURTUREManyofouridentitiesarethebyproductofculturalforceExampleifyouarebornmaleorfemaledoesntmeanyouaregoingtotakeoncertainjobsorlikebluepinkthesearelearnedbehavioursWeknowthisbecausewhenwecompareculturesgirlandboysdontgravitatetothesamethingieboysdontgravitatetoblueByproductofhowyouaresocializedintoaparticularframeworkOuridentitiesareculturallyconstructedEnculturationtheprocessthroughwhichindividualslearnanidentitywelearnwhatisconsideredappropriatethroughteachersparentsmassmediaetcWethinkaboutouridentitiesasiftheyarenaturalWecallthisaNATURALIZINGDISCOURSEthinkingortalkingaboutidentitiesasiftheyarethebyproductofnaturebiologyandnotcultureCanyouthinkofanexampleofthisWhyisthisadangeroustendencywethinkaboutidentitiesasiftheyarenaturalwethinkouridentitiesarethebyproductofbiologyexamplesexualorientationisthoughtofasaninternalessencethatcannotchangebutthatisnotthecasetendtolabelpeoplewithsexualorientationsmarkeddifferencessceneindifferentcultureswheresexualityisnottakenaspermanantlyexamplegenderidentitieswethinkthatitisnaturalforwomenwanttobecaregiversandmenwanttobebreadmakernotthecaseinotherculturescountriesExampleOFANATURALIZINGDISCOURSEWenaturalizeourfamilialidentitiesWehavethisideathatageneticrelationshipturnintoasocialbondManyinstancesinculturewherethatisnottrueexbiologicalmotherabandonsherchildWeliveinasocietythatbecauseyoushareabiologicalbondthereisthisbondthatcannotbeseveredDifferentinotherculturestribesinAfricawherewomengivesbirthtothebabyandgivestothechildtoanotherrelativenolongertiestothebabyULTRASOUNDShighlighttheconstructednatureoffamilialidentitiesBondsbetweenmotherandfetusbabyareconstructedviatechnologyAnthropologistsLisaMitchellandRosalindPetcheskyhavestudiedthepoliticsofultrasoundsinultrasoundclinicsacrossNorthAmericaWearetoldthathormonescreatebondbetweenmotherandchildbutanthropologistssaythatbondsareculturallyconstructedLisaMitchellandRosalindPetcheskytalkwithdoctorultrasoundtechnicianetcandtheystatethebondbetweenmotherandchildareconnectedthroughtechnologyMothergoesforanultrasoundandthetechnicianasksifyouwantapictureofthebabythebabyisntactuallyababyitisafetusLanguagethatthesonographerswereusingthathadnothingtodowithwhattheywereseeinggendertypeoflanguagesheissostrongsheissobeautifulUSAforcingwomentoviewtheirultrasoundiftheywantanabortiontoconvincethemtotrytokeepthebabyultrasoundsarepoliticizedbecausetheyhelpcreatabondbetweenmotherandfetuscausesguiltandtokeepthebabyWomenwillhavetheultrasoundbytheendofthefirsttrimesteriftheymiscarrytheywillfeelmoregriefTHEREARENOAUTHENTICPRIMITIVEPEOPLEORPRIMITIVECULTURESTHESEIDENTITIESARECULTURALLYCONSTRUCTEDbecausetheyhaveamarketorothervalueWhystudyidentitiesImportanttoknowhowthemainstreamconstructasenseofselfjustifyinequalitieswithinsocietyiewomenarenaturalcaregiverswecancreatesystemicinequalitieswithinsocietycritiquethenotionofnaturalismandthenotionthatidentiesarebiologicalHowdowedefineasenseofselfBroadlyspeakingegocentricversussociocentricselfWhatisthedifferencebetweenthesetermsEgocentricpersonalsortsofidentitiesSociocentrichowweconnecttootherieethnicityandnationalismOurShareSocialidentitiesIncludeidentitieslikenationalismCanhelpcultivateimaginedcommunitiesCoinedbyBenedictAndersonin1983MaybebornCanadianbutmightnotknowwhatitmeanstobeCanadianhavetolearnthatthroughparentsandteacherseducationalsystemteachesusehistoryandnationalanthemnationalholidaysCBCDevelopasenseofimaginedcommunitieswhichmeansasenseofgroupaffinitywithpeoplethatyouhaveneverevenmetfeelasenseofcohesivecultureExampleVancouverOlympicscreatedasenseofnationalpridedespitethefactthatwehavenevermeteachothercultivatedverycarefullybygovernmentandmassmediaIDENTITIESAREEMBODIEDweuseourbodiesinconsciousandunconsciouswaystoshowoffwhowethinkweareorwanttobeExamplesModifybodyincertainwaystodisplaywhowethinkweareCanbeveryconsciousorveryunconsciousielearninggenderappropriateposturesandlanguageageclassandgendercanbedisplayedMaterialculturetoexploreidentitiesobjectsExampleclothingwhichisageappropriatelabelssocialclassandgendertattoospiercingBecauseidentitiesareembodiedwecanuseboneskeletalmaterialandmaterialcultureegArtifactsfrompastsocietiestoreconstructthepastFromboneskeletalmaterialwhatsortsofthingscanarchaeologistsandforensicspecialistsdiscernabouttheidentitiesofpastpeoplesLookatbonesskeletonsobjectspeoplemadetoreconstructthepeopleofthepastCandeterminewealthandsocialclassfromobjectspeopleareburiedwithieinEgyptkingsandpaharohCandeterminelevelofinequalitybetweenmalesandfemalesWhatcanwedeterminefrombones1Sexandage
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