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Lecture 8

Art History Lecture 8 - Print Making.docx
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Department
Art History
Course
ARTHIST 1A03
Professor
Neil Mc Kay
Semester
Summer

Description
Fox 1 Lecture 8 Monday June 3, 2013 Print Making  Printing has a massive impact  Gutenberg press invented c. 1440  Contemporary presses  The Flood Tablet, part of the Epic of Gilgamesh, 7 century BCE  Early form of printmaking: seals (put on doorways to see if anyone has come into the room when you’re away)  Cylinder Seal and its Modern Impression, Tomb of Queen Puabi, c. 2600=2500 BCE, Lapis Lazuli  China started printmaking and text before Europe  Wong Jiw, hand scroll with wooden print 868 BCE  Europe: th  The Buxheim St. Christopher, Mid-15 century, hand-colored woodcut  Three Kinds of Print Making: 1. Relief: Carved out in wood  Woodcut  Japanese Woodblock  Negative space is cut away, leaving the image in relief. Ink settles on the surface  Carve around the fine lines  Paint color on separately  Technique of Woodcut (Relief): 1. Draw your design on the wood 2. Cut away the areas around the lines with a gouge 3. Ink the surface 4. Put paper on the inked surface 5. Press it down hard 6. Peel the paper away for an inverse image 2. Intaglio: Opposite of relief  Engraving  Etching  Image is cut into the surface. Ink settles in the grooves  Generally done on metal (copper) Fox 2 Lecture 8  Technique of Engraving: 1. Cut lines into metal plate using a burin 2. Burnish off any burr to make a clean surface and sharp lines 3. Apply ink to the surface and push it down into the grooves 4. Wipe away the excess ink from the surface 5. Place the paper on the inked plate and use a press to push it down 6. The paper will pick up the ink from the grooves 7. Peel the paper away for an inverse image  Drypoint: (just like engraving, but with a little twist)  Cut lines into metal plate using burin  Don’t burnish the surface; leave the burr of metal to collect more ink  (Burr is fragile and will wear off after several prints are made)  Technique of Etching: 1. Coat both sides of the plate with acid-resistant resin 2. Draw through the resin with a needle to expose the metal 3. Immerse the plate with acid 4. Acid eats into the metal exposed by the lines drawn in the resin 5. Control the depth of the grooves by adjusting time in the acid 6. Apply ink to the surface and push it down into the grooves 7. Wipe away the excess ink from the surface 8. Place the paper on the inked plate and use a press to
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