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Anthropology Notes oct 19.docx

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McMaster University
Chemical Engineering
Joe Kim

Anthropology Notes Date: 10/19/11 By: Amrit Aulak Kinship of Descent | Means Childhood Triangle = Male Broken Line means Adopted Circle = Female Squigly Lines means Marriage = Means Child =/= Gay Marriage Square Means Sex unknown Kinship and descent underlie all social and political relationships in small-towns Kinships are social relationships, that relate people through geological lines Link backwards to ancestors and forwards to descendants All societies recognize relationships between parents and their children Kin relationships are also called consanguineal, means “to join” “through blood” In general sense, studies are concerned of the relationships held through blood and marriage ties Marriage ties are called affines (in-laws), thus being affinal relationships Descent refers to principle/ culture pattern organizes/makes sense of all the relationships We need to put aside the common terms that we use to refer to our family Different societies organize descent differently Different kinds of systems of descent: Unilineal, Ambimlineal, Double Descent, Bilateral Unilineal are also broken down into Matrilineal and Patrilineal Matrilineal – descent is traced through female line, an example: Iroquois A drawing schematic, using symbols traces the line back through In a genealogical chart, the person we are referring to is called “ego” Always include ego’s siblings, and then shading them in, regardless of gender Then goes through mother (due to matrilineal), and then including ego’s mother’s siblings (regardless of gender or adoption) And then goes back even further a generation and shades in ego’s mother’s mother’s and hers siblings If ego’s sister has a son or daughter, she is also shaded Patrilineage is the same only the men are shaded, as well as their siblings, so starting with ego’s siblings, then moved up
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