Population Geography 1: An Introduction to Global Population Distribution and
Demography is the study of population.
Population geography is the study of the spatial expressions of population.
• Spatial distribution of population, density of human settlement, resources, consequences
of our actions, health (well-being)
The current global population is 7.11 billion.
• In 1995, the global population was 5.69 billion.
China, with 1.35 billion, and India, with 1.21 billion, are the world’s largest country by population.
• Canada’s population is 35 million, and Canada is ranked #35 in the world in terms of
• It is projected that by 2050, there will be 9 billion people in the world.
The current population growth rate is 1.2% per year.
• Doubling time: 54 years. (Takes 54 years to double the initial number of people)
There is an unequal population growth in the peripheral countries.
• Only 10% of births occur in the core countries, 90% of all births are in semi-
• There will be an uneven access to healthcare services, education access, food,
resource scarcity, potential for conflict among countries.
• There will be an uneven distribution (clustered vs. dispersed), and the factors that
influence this distribution would be physical geography (too hot, too col