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GEOG 2RC3 (90)
Lecture

The Far North

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Department
Geography
Course
GEOG 2RC3
Professor
Walter Peace
Semester
Winter

Description
IntroductionBone identifies this region as the Yukon NWT and Nunavut McCannPeace include parts of the north of Saskatchewan Ontario Quebec and Labrador The region faces challenges and issues which symbolize the nations sense of purpose and suggest the course of its future development Bone 2003 1 Images brought to mind when contemplating this region are identity landscape resources the last frontier sense of nordicity and isolation There is a political focus around the boundaries but the images are mostly environmental and psychological The resources available here present an economic focus The population being 524 Aboriginal provides a cultural focus for the region Only 03 of Canadas population live in this region that makes up 39 of Canadas area and 05 of national GDP In 2011 just over 10000 people lived here In the coreperiphery model this resource frontier is characterized by geographic isolation from world markets which is becoming less prominent resource development that is dependent on external demand potential for resource development that is limited by physical geography and an economy that is sensitive to fluctuations in world prices for its resources Google Street View recently mapped Iqaluit Challenges included that the roads being mapped now wont exist in the summer and there are few indicators of publicprivate roads steep street gradients etc THEY WALKED IT OMG The Physical EnvironmentThe arcticsubarctic boundary 10C isotherm for July coincides approximately with the tree line Long term effects of global warming in this region include permafrost sea ice changing vegetation and wildlife Higher temperatures across the Arctic due to the albedo effect will have impacts on Native cultures as polar bear whale caribou and seal populations change Summer ice cover in 1982 was 75 km2 in 2012 it was less than half that amount at 34km2 It is predicted that Arctic will be ice free during the summer of 20152030 A 23 reduction in sea ice was Environment Canadas top weather story of 2007 This is the part of the planet which is realizing the first and fastest response to climate change University of Manitoba Centre for Earth Observation Science There are three categories of potential impacts on the Arctic biome1Polar ice pack will diminish in size and possibly disappear resulting in an icefree Northwest Passage which will have significant economic impacts This will trigger resource management issues including the design of infrastructure impacts on wildlife hunting practices and sovereignty2The geographic range of the boreal forest will extend north greatly reducing the size and extent of the Arctic biome with implications for caribou calving grounds and polar bear populations3The thawing of permafrost may affect infrastructure and accessibility for this area
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