Some social agencies define poverty as low income relative to the avg. or median income of cndns - poverty is relative. Other groups (i. e. fraser institute, define poverty as the inability of a family to buy a prescribed basket of goods poverty is absolute. Variations in lico, depending on: size of community, rural vs. urban. poverty results from the internal pathology of deviant groups. but, is this blaming the victim: cycle of poverty: poverty results from individual inadequacies being transmitted from one generation to the next. but, is this blaming the victim: institutional malfunctioning. poverty is root in the failure of the state (i. e. the state does a poor job in planning for and administering to those in need. but, is it too easy to blame the state: inequitable distribution of resources. poverty is the inevitable outcome of capitalism (i. e. capitalism features haves & have nots .