Class Notes (811,703)
Canada (494,883)
Geography (880)
GEOG 2RC3 (90)
Lecture 5

Lecture 5- 2RC3

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Walter Peace

th Lecture 5: May 11 , 2011 Canada’s Economic Geography Introduction  “Middle” economic power in the world  Smallest economy of G8 countries (US, Japan, UK, Germany, France, Italy, Russia and Canada)  Canada/US each other’s largest trading partner (78.9% of Canada’s exports in 2007 destined for US)  See “Thickening of the Border” (Bone, pp. 22-26) Basic Concepts  General sector model (of economic development)  Evolution of an economy/society from pre-industrial to post-industrial features o Decrease in primary sector employment (fishing, foresting, mining and agriculture) o Increase, then decrease in secondary sector employment o Increase in tertiary sector employment (provision of services)  Gross Domestic Product (GDP): a measure of the value of goods and services produced by the domestic economy  From 2006 Census: o Primary sector: 6.2% of GDP o Secondary sector: 17.3% of GDP o Tertiary sector: 76.5% of GDP  Staples theory (of economic development) o Economic growth and development based on export of natural resources, for example, resource-based economy driven by external demand o Hewers of wood and drawers of water o Harold Innis (1930)-fish, fur and timber o See Vignette 1.3, p. 21  Economic region: a geographic area characterized by distinct economic activities, for example, industrial region; agricultural region  See Table 1.5 (p. 20) “Economic Structure of Canada’s Six Geographic Regions, 2006”  Why does each region have a different economic structure?  Regional disparities: long-term, chronic differences between regions as measured by objective indicators of well-being (income, employment etc.) for example Atlantic Canada vs Industrial Heartland Heartland-hinterland (core-periphery) o An abstract theory that explains how the capitalist economic system evolved into distinct spatial units (Bone, 2008,15) o Heartland (core) regions- favored areas; industrialized, urbanized o Hinterland (periphery) regions- resource producing regions which supply core regions with raw materials, energy and foodstuffs  In terms of Canada’s regions: o Heartland: Great Lakes St. Lawrence Lowland o Hinterland: Atlantic Canada; territorial North  See Table 1.4, p. 19 o Core region: souther
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