Class Notes (786,168)
Canada (482,024)
Geography (827)
GEOG 2RC3 (90)
Lecture 9

Lecture 9- 2RC3

2 Pages
Unlock Document

McMaster University
Walter Peace

th Lecture 9: Atlantic Canada May 30 , 2011 Questions:  Why is Atlantic Canada a “downward transitional region”?  What can/ should be done about this? Physical Geography  Geology and Landforms o Northern extension of Appalachian mountains o General alignment of hills/valleys southwest to northeast o Coastal rocks formed in Carboniferous period- coal in Cape Breton o Other mineral resources- nickel, cobalt, copper at Voisey’s Bay, Labrador and offshore oil fields, e.g., Hibernia on Grand Banks o Appalachian Mountain- old, heavily eroded (low relief)  Climate o 3 climate zones (Fig 2.6) in Atlantic Canada- Atlantic, Arctic and Subarctic o Summers- generally cool, wet; winters-short, mild, but heavy snowfall and rain  Fog o Cold Labrador current meets warm Gulf Stream-St. John’s = 120 days of fog/year  Soils o Generally poor, unable to support commercial agriculture (except in Prince Edward Island and Annapolis Valley in Nova Scotia)  Question: to what extent has Atlantic Canada’s physical environment contributed to its status as a downward transitional region?  Geology, Physiology, Climate, Soils, Vegetation (Environmental Context)  Economy, Settlement, Demographics and Culture (Human response)  Has Atlantic Canada reached its potential in terms of what environmental conditions permit? The Making of a Hinterland Region (see Atlantic Canada’s Historical Geography pg. 367-373)  Regional economy, mid to late 19 century: o Farms, fishery, forest, commercial shipping  Pre-industrial landscape (era of wood, wind, water for energy, construction and transportation)  Prosperous, yet profoundly local society o 4/5 rural o Absences of major cities (Halifax= imperial outpost) o Newfoundland remains British colony until 1949  Role of external events as determinants of economic growth/development: o Crimean War o Reciprocity Treaty o U.S. Civil War o Cyclical nation of economic growth characterized by alternating periods of expansion and decline, depending on (external) demand for resou
More Less

Related notes for GEOG 2RC3

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.