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Lecture 33

GEOG 3RW3 Lecture 33: Geography 3RW3 - Lecture 33 - Nepal

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Segei Basik

Geography 3RW3 – Dr. Basik – Page 1 Lecture 33 – Thursday March 26 Nepal • Introduction o Himalayas = tallest peak in the world is in Nepal o Country #2 in South Asia = elephants o Ghurkhas – 200,000 Nepali warriors in WWII • Overview o Area: more than 147,000 square km o Population: more than 30 million o Official Name: Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal o Government system: federal republic (before 2008 – monarchy) o Capital: Kathmandu o The poorest country in South Asia (GDP per capita – 1500 USD) o The legacy of a 10-year Maoist insurrection o Unusual flag shape – triangles o National animal/symbol of the country is a cow? o Location: disadvantage – geographical isolation (one of the two landlocked countries in South Asia) o Between two neighbours: India and China (Tibet) o Ragged topography – The Himalayas o Contains eight of world's top 10 highest peaks: Mount Everest (#1; 8848m) o The Himalayas – a key geographical factor Three Major Geographic Regions: • The Terai (23% of the territory) • The Hills (42% of the territory) • The Mountains (35% of the territory) • Population distribution in Nepal is related more to the proportion of cultivated land than to the geographical area • Terai – 48% of population and 56 % of the total cultivated land; • Hills – 44 % of population and 37 % of cultivated land • Mountains 7-8% of the total population, only 7% percent of the cultivated land • Frontier periphery: Indi-Sino-Tibetan cultural interactions – trade and religious pilgrimages link these regions • Cultural oases: preserving archaic, indigenous cultural elements • All language families presented • The main families: Indo-European (most widely spoken), Sino-Tibetan (75% of the languages) • There are 121 mother tongues and 125 caste/ethnic groups (according to the 2011 National Census) • Top languages (all – Indo-European): Nepali (official) 44.6%, Maithali 11.7%, Bhojpuri 6% • Religions: Hinduism – 81%; Buddhism – 9% (Mountains); Islam – 4.4% (Terai); Kirat 3.1 (East Nepal) • One of the most rural nations in the world Geography 3RW3 – Dr. Basik – Page 2 • Urbanization: 1990 – 8%; 2014 – 18%; 2050 – 38% • Kathmandu (capital and primate city) – 1.015 million (2011) Economy • GDP growth increased to 5.2% in 2014, driven mostly by services and agriculture • These two sectors jointly accounting for 92 %of total GDP growth – their strongest performances in six years • A significant growth of remittances (25% of GDP): over 4 million Nepali are already working overseas • Nepal economy is becoming more diversified in terms of trad
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