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4. 1M03 Jan 15, 2014.pdf

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Sean Corner

3. January 15, 2014 Last Lecture: ▯ 8th century BC - Greek Renaissance -reformation of state structure, greek identity - individual and united -dramatic change in art ▯ importance of this artistic development on the development of Greece as a whole -reinforce identities -forming social structures of larger greek identity -patriotism of indiv. states -bringing together of all greeks under a common repertoire ▯ Myth and religion central to state formation/identity formation -form through myth, poetry, stories - panhellenic poetry in the late half of the eigth century (Homer) -leads to development of phonetic alphabet - latin developed from this script as well ▯ Religion community of villageitual very simple - household rituals by indic. families - common worship by -8th century reappearance of built spaces for religious worship - contrasts with way religion developed in state formation fo the bronze age -recall bronze age - sacrificial alters in palaces/govt centres -now - not palaces but civic temples - not housed in kings house - god instead given cut of common land -c.750: sanctuaries - first step - appearing across the countryside -walled in space with a sacrificial alter - building erected, temples for the states gods - first built like ordinary houses -small, mud brick,thatched roofs -c.750-700: first 100 foot long temples (hekatompeda) - more than just ordinary houses - interior wall surrounded by exterior columns - from wood to stone - communal temples - worship/sacrifice took place outside - building held gifts to the god -c..700: explosion in temple building and at the same time reappearance in grave goods - few graves much wealthier than others - drastic decline at end of 8th century - welaht not going to graves - instead dedicated to the temples -c.700-675: communal cemeteries - end of intramural burial - pushed out to edge of community -creation of town square - public meetings and exchange of goods - marketplace ▯ What does this appearance of all these things (temples,communal cemeteries, town squares) mean in terms of social change? And social organization? -distribution of goods, wealth - not controlled by centre - more communal, democratic -its about putting wealth into the community -collective homogenous cemeteries - common -communal worship collectively w elite playing leading role - but now leading as a community instead of mediators that control communication with the gods -emphasis on patriotic heroes in myth - elite are ,heroe
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