Class Notes (806,888)
Canada (492,503)
History (787)
HISTORY 1M03 (132)

January 10, 2013-Minoan and Mycenaean Greece-The Bronze Age.docx

9 Pages
Unlock Document

McMaster University
Graeme Ward

HISTORY 1M03: MINOAN AND MYCENAEAN GREECE: THE BRONZE AGE Periodization of Greece • Minoan Civilization o C 2700-1600 BCE • Mycenaean Civilization o C 1900-1200 BCE • Iron Age or Dark Age Greece o 1100-776 BCE • Archaic Period (Art/Architecture) o 776-480 BCE • Classical Period o 480-323 BCE • Hellenistic Period o 323 (Death of Alexander the Great)-31 BCE Sources for Bronze-age Greece th • No written Greek sources until at least 7 c BCE > Homer o Homer’s Iliad, Odyssey o For Greeks, all before that is prehistory > myth and legend • Physical Record (Archeology) o Structures, graves o Wall painting, sculptures, painted pottery, tools, weapons o Written records on clay tablets (Late Bronze Age) First “Greek-Speakers” • Middle Bronze Age (3000-1600 BCE) • Indo-European language group o Sanskrit, Greek, Latin, Anglo-Saxon, Russian o Eurasian peoples • Aryan Myth o Invasion into Mediterranean region, domination of local groups Heinrich Schliemann • 1871-Discovery of Troy at modern Hissarlik (Turkey) o Found gold and jewels • German businessman • He believed that the Trojan war was real and not a myth unlike other people • 1876-Schliemann discovers shaft graves at Mycenae o Found gold, jewels, weapons and death mask (mold of their face, showing off their ancestry) Sir Arthur Evans and Crete • 1900 • Named after Minos, King of Crete • 2100 BCE o Population boom, development of several urban centres • 1700-1200 BCE Minos Palace at Knossos o Residential rooms, storehouses, workshops, central courtyard (unwalled) • Palace culture of Minoans o Palace acted as administrative economic center o Redistribute economy  Common in Egypt and Near East  Palace and town integrated o Satisfied, complex social order  Sharp distinctions in wealth and status o Thalassocracy  Gr. Thalassa (“sea”) and kratos (“power”) o Colony of Thera (modern Santorini) Eastern Mediterranean • Minoan art o Bull Leaping o Papyrus Linear A and B • C 1900 BCE > Cretan pictographic writing o Developed later into more advanced linear script o Preserved on clay tablets in palace at Knossos • Sir Arthur Evans’ Theory o Tablets represent palace records? o Evans finds tablets with more advanced script o Record and note keeping o Linear A has not been decoded* • Linear A and Linear B Decline of Minoans 1600 BCE > massive earthquakes Vulcanic eruption at Thera 1400 BCE > widespread destruction of palaces on Crete Mycenaean Ciilvilization • Named after Mycenae • C 2000 BCE > Early Indo-European peples “moves” into Greece • Linear B o Deciphered in 1953 (Michael Ventis and John Chadwick) o Identified as early form of Greece o Alphabet adapted from Linear A Tombs and Graves • Schliemann and later archeologists find many examples around Mycenae of two types of graves: o Shaft Graves o Tholos tomb • 1600-1400 BCE o Weapons, armour, jewellery • Mycenaean elite o Invested in massive tombs and fortifications Tomb of Atreus Social Status Mycenaean Power:1400-1200 BCE • Palaces at Mycenae, Pylos, Tiryns, Thebes o Smaller versions (12?) across mainland Greece • Similarities to palace culture to that of Minoan Crete o Admin
More Less

Related notes for HISTORY 1M03

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.