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2S03 Readings ch 9 to 12.docx

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McMaster University
Martin Horn

2S03 Readings ch. 9-12 Hans Fritzsche’s speech to the Berlin Foreign Press Association 268-269 - It is possible that military tensions and even small-scale conflicts may continue for 8-10 years but Germany will continue to reconstruct and reorganize along German lines during this - No intention of pursuing Britain and America into the wilderness to fight them - thinks Britain will want to be included in German new Europe after military defeat - Do not wish to acquire vast distances but to concentrate on the vast European tasks of the future - Though no peace will be concluded, the entire labour effort of the people will be concentrated on production targets more in line with peacetime – the hardships of war will disappear - Begins and ends by saying the outcome of the war is decided - Propaganda piece President Franklin D. Roosevelt – Four Freedoms Speech 270-271 - Democracy against tyranny - Since USA was providing support to Britain, had to justify why - Social and economic problems are the root cause of the social revolution which is today a supreme factor in the world - Basic things expected by the people of the political and economic systems: · Equality of opportunity for youth and for others · Jobs for those who can work · Security for those who need it · The ending of special privilege for the few · The preservation of civil liberty for all · The enjoyment of the fruits of scientific progress in a wider and constantly rising standard of living - Four essential freedoms · Freedom of speech and expression everywhere in the world · Freedom of every person to worship god in his own way · Freedom from want · Freedom from fear - These things are attainable here and now - The antithesis of the so-called new order of tyranny which the dictators seek to create with the crash of a bomb - Must oppose it with the moral order - Our support goes to those who struggle to gain those rights or keep them Joint statement by Churchill and Roosevelt about their principles for the post-WWII world 271-272 - No aggrandizement of territory - No territorial changes that do not accord with the wishes of the people concerned - They respect the right of all peoples to choose the form of government – sovereign rights and self government restored - Will endeavour to further the enjoyment of all States to the trade and to the raw materials of the world - Fullest collaboration between all nations in the economic field - Peace – all nations have a sense of safety - Freedom to traverse the high seas - Abandonment of the use of force by all nations Shirley A. Star examines the motives behind why soldiers continued to fight 272-275 - Japanese attack on Pearl Harbour meant war and to go to war meant to have to win - Little support of the attempts to give war meaning in terms of principles - Four freedoms not very effective on men in the USA – only 13% could name th
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