HISTORY 2TT3 Lecture Notes - Lecture 2: North-West Rebellion, Red River Colony, Indian Register

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History 2TT3: Survey of Canadian History, 1885 to the Present
January 10, 2017
Building Canada: 1885 in Context
Why 1885?
1885 signals the end of one era in Northern North America, that of European imperialism, and
the beginning of another: Modern (an imperial?) Canada
Contrasting 1867 with 1885 highlights these changes
1867-1885 was a period of consolidation and change. A multitude of possibilities and
uncertainties narrowed, and the mantle of colonialism passed from Britain to the Canadian
state
Canada in 1867
Quebec, Nova Scotia, Ontario, and New Brunswick
Population of 3.5 million amongst these four provinces
Few interprovincial railways or other lines of communication
One of the reasons provinces such as Newfoundland declines joining Canada was that they
were not particularly connected to the other provinces
More railways connected to the United States rather than the other provinces
Results was often more connected to Britain or the US than other provinces
After …
Canada expands at an enormous rate (temporally and geographically), due to British help,
economic circumstances, and the constant fear of American encroachment
Caada Buys Rupert’s Lad - fro the Hudso’s Bay Copay for $. Millio
Rupert’s Lad as orth ore like $100-150 million dollars
British and Americas hate one another
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Investment circles in Britain knew that railways would be built in the future, so the sale was for
the benefit of the British as well as the Canadians
Northwest Territories were not included at this time
Railroads and Debt: British Columbia Enters Confederation, 1871
Dominion of Caada agrees to u out BC’s det, ad proise to uild a raila ithi  ears
Railroads and Debt: Prince Edward Island, 1873
Wanted to maintain trade with Britain and the USA
Built a railway which sinks them into vast amount of debt
USA trade agreements sink
Forced to join Canada
Link island colony with the rest of the Maritimes by water ways
British Transfers Arctic Archipelago to Canada, 1880
Collection of islands
No purchase involved
Idea of a Northwest Passage? Maybe a collection of minerals?
Newfoundland, Not Until 1949
Much quicker to get to London and Europe, so it made no sense to join Canada
Canada in 1873
What was Canada to do with all of this land?
Canada, Population Distribution in the 1870s
The population hardly shows in the grand scheme of Canada
What to do with the North-West?
(British Columbia, the Prairies)
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