HISTORY 3N03 Lecture 5: 3N03 Jan 18

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7 Feb 2017
History 3N03: Poverty, Privilege and Protest in Canadian History
January 17, 2017
The Limits and Possibilities of First Wave Feminism
Short History of the Franchise in Canada
The first Canadian Federal Franchise Act (1885) formally excluded all women; the majority of
Indigenous peoples, and most Asians
It was not until 1916 that the provinces started to extend the provincial franchise to most but
not all women
- Manitoba was the first province to do so in 1916
- Quebec was the last province to do so in 1940
In 1917, Ottawa retrieved control of the federal franchise, first with the War Time Elections Act,
which gave the vote to women with close relations in the armed services, marking a small
victory for a small number of people
- In 1918, extended the vote to women on the same basis of men (Still excluded the
majority of Indigenous and Asian people)
Woe’s suffrage struggles preoupied a etire geeratio of oe
Suffragists were usually women, but sometimes included men
Typically upper class white women, with the time and resources to be involved in the
Introduction to The Subjection of Women (1869) by John Stuart and Harriet Mill
Suffragettes were highly influenced by John Stuart Mill
Prominent English philosopher arguing something that, at the time, was considered very radical
The wives of instrumental figures often found ways to involve themselves in the movement
What was being fought for was a very race and class-based definition of rights for women
Middle class women searching to establish their own agenda
Helen Gutteridge (1879-1960)
Labour feminist
Moved to Vancouver from England in 1911 to work as a tailor
Defied herself as a “uffragette ofte eaig to ilitat aout their eliefs
The Canadian Suffrage movement was considered quite tame
Organized the British Columbia Suffrage League
A member of the Trades and Labour Council
First woman on Vancouver City Council along with the Co-operative Commonwealth
Federation(CCF; 1937)
Mary Ann Shadd Cary (1823-1893)
Born in the USA and moved to Canada
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