Class Notes (839,146)
Canada (511,218)
HLTHAGE 1AA3 (276)
Anju Joshi (12)
Lecture 11

HLTHAGE 1AA3 Lecture 11: Global Health

3 Pages
20 Views

Department
Health, Aging and Society
Course Code
HLTHAGE 1AA3
Professor
Anju Joshi

This preview shows page 1. Sign up to view the full 3 pages of the document.
Description
March 29 Global Health Health and Developing World - In West, life expectancy roughly 77 hears, only 55 in poorest countries - Infant mortality in US (2/1000) compared to 150/1000) in poorest areas - 95% of HIV infections in developing world, 70% in Sub Saharan Africa 10/90 problem: - Only 10% of the money that goes into health and illness and disease goes towards treating the problems that face 90% of the world's population - Therefore Health research money is spent on relatively small sliver of the global population What is Globalization? A few hallmarks: - (neoliberal) economic integration ex. Free trade agreements - Transmission of knowledge - Diffusion of cultural practices → Certain cultural practices are becoming more entrenched in certain parts of the world ex. Biomedicine vs CAM → ideas of biomedicine are becoming more diffused - Development of ‘global’ policies → Ex. policies related to foodborne illness, WHO develops responses to these - Physical relocation and dislocation of biological matter (meat, animals, plants, people, pathogens) → easier for these things to move from one place to the other → as a consequence see substantial health outcomes The End of Disease? - Post WWII expansion of international institutions aimed to eliminate global health inequalities - By late 1960s, suggesting “book of infectious disease” was “ready to be closed” → places where infections were common those rates began to drop off, people become optimistic and think the book is “ready to be closed” → eradication and public health measures had wiped out a number of diseases in the West burden elsewhere - By 21st century, clear this optimism had been incorrect infectious disease back and health inequalities growing → fears over new diseases and return of “old enemies” → reconceptualization of disease as a global security threat → reimagining sick people as security threats - How exactly did this happen? → narrow conception of health → economic expansion and inequalities World Health Organization Funding - Aftermath of WWII, new sense of global unity, est. of UN was to signal new era of international cooperation - Although connected to UN, WHO semi-independent - Aim was “a state of completely physical, mental, and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity” - Health as means to avoid conflict, provide global security Disease Eradication Campaigns March 29 Global Health - WHO smallpox eradication → In 1966, 15 million people per year still got smallpox. By 1978, ceased to exist → The WHO coordinated all of these health efforts that even people in the most poor places received access to the smallpox eradication vaccine → Massive success of eliminating disease - Prompted similar attempts to use “magic bullets” rather than ameliorating structural conditions - Health as absence of disease Failure of Malarial Fight - Smallpox easier to eliminate other diseases - effective vaccine, easily identified, no animal carrier - Although eliminated from much of developed world, global eradication campaigns of malaria stalled in tropics. Greater rates now than in 1960 → parasite became highly drug resistant, changing genetic makeup with each new drug → mosquitos accidently sent across the world → climate change creates new environments for it → DDT campaigns Return of TB - TB has made return in both developed and developing world, why? → health care inequalities: TB rates highest among populations without regular free acces
More Less
Unlock Document

Only page 1 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

Unlock Document
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version

Unlock Document

Log In


OR

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit