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Lecture 12

HLTHAGE 1BB3 Lecture Notes - Lecture 12: Health Professional, Pain Management, Multidisciplinary Approach

Health, Aging and Society
Course Code
Yvonne Leblanc

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1BB3 November 25th, 2015
End of Life Care in Canada
Demographic Trends
- Canada’s population is aging, so over the next 40 years, the demand for hospice
palliative and end of life care will grow
- About 259,000 Canadians die each year now
- By 2020, that number will increase by 33% to more than 330,000 deaths a year
- It is estimated that each death in Canada affects the immediate well-being of, on
average, five other people
Quality End-of-Life Care for Seniors: Defined
- End-of-life care for seniors requires an active, compassionate approach that treats,
comforts and supports older individuals who are living with, or dying from,
progressive or chronic life-threatening conditions.
- Such care is sensitive to personal, culturally and spiritual values, beliefs and
practice and encompasses support for families and friends up to and including the
period of bereavement
Modern Western Attitudes Toward Death
- “Those who learned to KNOW death, rather than to fear and fight it, became our
teachers about LIFE.” – Elizabeth Kubler-Ross
- Philipe Aries – Denial of death
- Ernest Becker – Fear of death
- David Moller – Silent avoidance
Modern Palliative Care Movement 1960’s
- Dame Cicely Saunders: UK
oFounded St. Christophers Hospice in 1967
oRecognized as the founder of the modern hospice movement
oRevolutionized the way in which society cares for the ill, the dying and the
Palliative Care in Canada
- The history of the Hospice Palliative Care Movement in Canada is a relatively
short – beginning in the 1970’s
- 1974 the first palliative care unit opened at St Boniface Hospital in Winnipeg
The Canadian Hospice Palliative Care Association (CHPCA) Formed 1991
- The national voice for hospice palliative care in Canada
- Is it national charitable non profit association
- Mission: to provide leaders in hospice care in Canada
- Supports research, promotes education and training, public awareness, advocate
for increased programs and services, and equal access to quality hospice care
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