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First Industrial Revolution L1.docx

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Labour Studies
David Goutor

First Industrial Revolution Economic and Workplace Transformations September 18 2012 First I.R. - Transformations  Timing  Political and Economic Background  Drivers of Revolution Communication Transportation Technology Technique First I.R. – Transformations – Cont’d  “Paths to Industrialization” Small Shop to Factory Mechanization New Industries Developments in Staple Industries First I.R. – Transformations – Cont’d  New Working World in Factories New Roles Deskilling Alienation Status & Gender New Rules New Workers First I.R. – Transformations – Cont’d  Impacts Disruption Reactions Family aspect Timing of First I.R  Britain- st. 1750s  United States =, Northern France, Parts of Germany = early 1800s  Canada- 1850s & 1860s When did this happen? st This happens at different times Britain is the 1 for industrial revolution. First Industrial Revolution1 More Political Background  Federal Politics: Era of conservative Dominance  Sir John A. Mcdonald  Ontario Politics : Liberals Dominate  Oliver Mowat, Ontario Premier 1872- 1896 More Political & Eco Background  Results of Plans for growth ? Disappointment  Settlement = Slow Climate & Cultivation Problems Riel Rebellion  Economy  World Economy Depression especially 1873-1879, 1891-1895 Long Depression = 1873-1896 Drivers of Revolution  Generally 4 factors drive innovation st  1 I.R Communication Transportation Technology Technique Communication  Telegraph and long-distance cable  Spreads Industial & Economic Growth  Breaks bond of human movement & Information Movement  Key in communicating basic information News Business: Prices, Demand, Supply, etc . Plays a big role in push for innovation Transportation  Canals  Railways  Impacts: Reduce isolation of communities/markets Open producers up to competition Technology  Power Source First Industrial Revolution 2 Steam Technique  Reorganizing work New methods New Structure to work SO totally new work experience How does this all unfold ?  Economists: Different “Paths to Industrialization”  FOUR Main ones in 1 I.R Small Shop to Factory Mechanization New industries Development in Staple industries Small Shop to Factory  Back to Mastercraftsman’s Shop  Transportation Innovation  Pressures from Imports These shops have to adapt Change into Factory  Steps Speed & Supplies Role of Merchants Expansions Relocation Factory 1.) Need a big speed up in production of supplies. 2.) Role of merchant becomes more important. They become more control in terms of supply trains and how much product is being produced. The merchant controls sales, supplies 3.)Shop becomes bigger. You need to higher more people such as apprentices and journeyman. 4.)Shop has to move because its to small. They relocate to the merchants store. Store becomes specialize. They sell shoes, barrel etc. The shops free space is being used to produce. It starts to move away from sales 5.)Place where they begin to produce all their Change into Factory Con’t  Fate of Mastercraftsman  Journeyman  Apprentices The Mastercraftsman owns the shop. In the process they begin to lose their status. They begin to jump to the business “stuff”. Journeyman they become permanent journeyman. Apprentices become to change. They are less seen as someone that would learn to work.
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