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LABRST 1A03 (334)
David Goutor (299)
Lecture 6

Labour Studies - Lecture 6 Notes.docx

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McMaster University
Labour Studies
David Goutor

Assignment #2  Easier to focus on when the knights were around and what they did th Workers and the Second Industrial Revolution– February 12 Economic and Technological Transformations – Part One Broad Overview of Changes  Corporate Capitalism o Corporations become so big that they are household names o Ex. GM, Ford, Chrysler  Why it can be called second industrial revolution o Coming of mass production (assembly lines) o Rise of major corporations o New skylines Context: Economic Boom  Canada: economy starts to turn around in 1896  Second industrial revolution: 1900  Agriculture o New techniques to make prairie farming much more volatile o Prairies fill up (major wave of settlement) o Farms start to become very productive o Canadian wheat is exported all over the world o Canada is number one exporter of wheat  Resources o Main part of Canadian economy o Agriculture o Mining o Becomes big player in world of mining o Lots of mining resources (tin, copper, gold, iron, coal) o Cities formed that did not exist before because of this o Lots of money to be made in mining o Pulp and Paper o Most of major newspapers were printed in Canada  Wilfred Laurier o President for three elections o Lays foundation for long period of liberal-political dominance o Stays in power for so long because adopts settlement, railway (builds more), tax on imports (protects Canadian industry)  Manufacturing o Resources are almost all for export o Manufacturing is almost all domestic (mostly not exported) o Other (outside) companies want to sell goods in Canada when economy takes off o Companies jump over tariff wall and set up plants in Canada o Branch Plant Economy (leading complexes were American-owned) o Canada is first place where so many companies from other countries set up Forces Driving  Generally four factors drive innovation: 1. Communication 2. Transportation 3. Technology 4. Technique  Technology #1: o Huge driver in second industrial revolution o Canada builds too many railways o Second revolution: Was about making new things o First revolution: making things that could already be made but faster  Craft Unions o Fought for control over workplaces o Companies got increasingly frustrated with control craft unions could exercise over workplaces o Were innovating to get past the control that craft unions had Technological and Physical Changes  Power Supply: o Electricity was supplied o Could work at night o Factories did not need windows o Could work longer hours in the winter when it got dark early o First industrial revolution: could not work all the time and winter was slow months o Power did not have to be near the plant anymore  Plant Layout: o Ford Assembly Line: machine moves along the line and each worker does one thing o Tasks are broken down into most basic and repetitive o Assembly lines were also in food processing and agricultural processing o Products are more standardized (less distinct)  Chemical Innovations: o Chemicals to break down wood into pulp to be made into paper o Did not have to slice wood until it was really thin like before Part Two Managerial Strategies  Job ladder o Carrot: giving workers rewards for good behavior o Stick: punishing workers for not behaving properly o Create a hierarchy within the workplace o If workers work hard they will receive little promotions o Gives workers incentive to work harder o Ladders with little pay increments to reward workers who work hard and stay in line  Piece rates: o Paying by the piece o Built-in incentive to produce more o Paid more if produce more  Drive System: o Foremen would stand behind workers driving them on o Target a few people to pick on o Every person becomes motivated because do not want to be the one picked on o No one wanted to stick out Scientific Management and Taylorism  Frederick Taylor was associated with a lot of things in the second industrial revolution  Did not invent it but was good at pro
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