Class Notes (808,560)
Canada (493,292)
LABRST 1A03 (334)
David Goutor (299)
Lecture 3

Lecture 3.docx

7 Pages
Unlock Document

McMaster University
Labour Studies
David Goutor

Lecture 3: Early Trades and Unions Craft Workers - Role in community • Production is local (expensive bringing in goods from other countries) • Self-sufficiency • Key figure: Master-Craftsmen • Island Communities (dependent on themselves) Producer Ideology - Provide for community (we produce the things the community needs) - Impact on quality of life (standard of living depended on how good the local business’ were) • Sometimes on identity of community The Craft Shop - Small Scale - “Ten Footers” Work and Home Connection - Shop attached to home • Family roles in business (women—keep track of sales, sons—employed in the master craftsmen) • Personal connections in business Roles in the Shop - Clear hierarchy - Mastercraftsman (most skilled workers, did most complicated work on jobs, also the ones who made the decision of how things were made) - Journeyman (skilled workers, paid well, learning their trade and hard to replace. Not independent and couldn’t run own shop or be their own bosses. Worked for mastercraftsman) - Apprentices (young, 13 or 14, learn trade and do a lot of the grunt work like cleaning the tools and keeping track of materials needed) Paternalism - Mastercraftsman= role model • Teaches trade • Teaches values • Father figure at the work place • Connection with apprentices - So, responsibility and authority Respectability - Independent and respectable status - Pillar of the community - Public role • Church • Community Early Unions - Major celebratory role - Workers’ control • Value of know-how • Control of trade • Fair prices • Union rates price lists • Charging high prices is not respectable • Making union prices together as a group of people First Industrial Revolution Timing of First I.R. - Britian- starts 1750’s - United States, Northern France, parts of Germany= early 1800’s - Canada- 1850’s and 1860’s Canada’s Political and Economic Background - Confederation- 1867 • Ontario, Quebec, and Maritimes - Main goal: Confederation will spur development • Re. Territory = settle the West • Re. Economics = industry and commerce More Political Background - Federal politics: Era of Conservative Dominance • Sir John A.McDonald • Prime Minister (1867-73, 1878-91) More Political Background - Ontario Politics: Liberals Dominate • Oliver Mowat, Ontario Premier (1872) More Political and Eco Background - Results of plans for growth? Disappointment! • Settlement = slow (climate and cultivation problems, Riel Rebellion) • Economy - World Economy • Depressions, especially 1873-1879, 1891-1895 • “Long Depression” = 1873-1896 Drivers of Revolution - Generally four factors drive innovation: • Communication • Transportation • Technology • Technique st - 1 revolution: Transportation and Technique are biggest in Canada Communication - Telegraph and long-distance cable - Spreads industrial and economic growth - Breaks bond of human movement and information movement - Key in communicating basic info • News • Business: prices, demand, supply, etc. - Biggest innovation: trans-Atlantic cable Transportation - Canals - Railways (biggest) - Impacts: • Reduce isolation of communities/markets • Open producers up to competition Technology - Power sources • Steam - New machines and industries • Railways again Technique - Reorganizing work • New methods • New structure to work • So totally new work experience How does this all unfold? - Economists: Different “Paths to Industrialization” st - Four main ones in 1 I.R. • Small shop to factory • Mechanization
More Less

Related notes for LABRST 1A03

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.