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Canada (492,648)
LABRST 1A03 (334)
David Goutor (299)
Lecture 11

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McMaster University
Labour Studies
David Goutor

For Assignment 2: Interpret the question, decide for yourself how you are going to measure it. Especially number 2, you can look at different people (girls, boys, craft workers, etc.). But it says all workers so remember that. Lecture 11 October 22, 2013 Experience & Role of Immigrant Workers- Part 1 Immigration and Development - National Policy (3 basis points: Protective tariff, building the railway, encouraging immigration) - Attracting immigrants becomes a fundamental part of life - Actively recruited immigrants, preferably Britain - Big employers are very open and become very aggressive to take in more workers Late 19 Century - Annual immigration: - For a lot of Canada’s early years, the number of immigrants were at about 30,000 - It picked up a little with around 120,000 - But then started decreasing slowly and eventually was back at 30,000 Early 20 Century Boom - Increasing demand for more and more workers in resource industries, in big manufacturing sector - Immigrants seen as important to develop markets - Manufacturers wanted more markers so bringing in immigrants was a good idea - Large scale immigration is huge - NOW: - Immigration really grew - 1907- Immigration hit new heights at 272,409 and by 1913 it was 400,870. Varied Experiences - Skilled workers (transition was difficult but doable. They could find jobs, usually not the jobs they wanted though.) - Unskilled (mostly unskilled that have to do tough work that is in demand) • Hardship and insecurity : “rough work” in terrible conditions, sometimes dangerous • A lot of railway and mining work • Struggled every week to get work • Levels of control- not just at the job. Immigrants were exploited, high rents and things. Treated with disrespect. If Immigrants tried to form resistance ,it was easy for employers to just replace them with other people who were desperate • Community support and ethnic Niches – turn to for community for support, tried to create their own communities (Greek town, Little Italy, etc.) Mutual support. Helped each other get jobs as well. Ethnic Niches in labour work, it is an area carved out from a larger area. More likely to get a job with a group of people that know each other, can work together, pull together, etc. Ethic solidarity. Particular industries that have particular workers, for example, Italians are known to work in construction and mining. Ukrainians work in the timber industry. Polish workers in steel industry. Asian Immigration - Small numbers (no more than 2%) - Attracted a lot of attention, very big point of controversy - Hostility towards Asian immigration - Extreme exploitation: often given most unskilled, grunt work, mines and the railways. They also had to do the most dangerous work like laying dynamite Part 2 Stereotypes = Range - Certain people Canada wanted in the country, and certain people they did not want (wanted British not Asian) - Widespread hostility towards immigrant workers a
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