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Week 1 - January 6, 7 & 9 -- The Globalization Debate

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Labour Studies
John Barkans

LABR ST 2G03 – LECTURE – January 6, 7, &9, 2014 LECTURE – JAN 6 – Just an intro to the course (no notes) LECTURE – JAN 7 THE GLOBALIZATION DEBATE - Globalization: multi-faceted set of processes that incorporate/involve objective and subjective dimensions/process that are linking together people of the world o Objective: transformations in economy, trade, etc. o Subjective: ideas, culture, ideologies - 3 dimensions (economic, political, cultural) 1. Economic - Global economy emerging? - Is it subordinating national economies to it? 2. Political - Global economy changing political institutions, power, and democracy - Global government? - Is it superseding national governments? - What about democracy? - How responsive is it to people? 3. Cultural (not going to focus on too much) - Cultural convergence going on - Global cultural being formed (creation of global companies, media, etc.) - Globalizers (Teeple) vs. Skeptics o Teeple and Munck  Post WWII period = “The Second Great Transformation”  The Great Transformation (Polanyi): a move to a market society (industrial capitalism) o Teeple’s Critique of the Skeptics (Two Diff Types of Skeptics) 1. “Some people claim/maintain that the very notion/concept of globalization is an ideological construct” – a concept to keep subordinate people in subordination  What skeptics think: • How? “There is no alternative” – Thatcher • Global reality reason/justification for changes (economy, politics, policies, etc.) and to keep groups in their place • Have to accept it because of global economy  Teeple’s critique • Believes this concept of globalization is used in this manner, but it exists (not a concept) • Distinguish political use of the term globalization and its conceptualization as reality 2. “Contemporary globalization is nothing new, not significant”  Since beginning of capitalism, this has been happening  Exploitation has existed a long time • i.e. India makes cotton, Britain makes cloth  Development of world markets and world trade is not new  World economy 1900s was more internationalized than today; not qualitatively diff. than now  “Belle Époque” – The Beautiful Era (1870 – 1930s) • % of merchandizer trade of GDP (exports/imports) o If % low, not very globalized o If % high, very globalized LECTURE – JAN 9 – L.H. sent THE GLOBALIZATION DEBATE… continued - Teeple: Globalizer responding to the skeptics (those who believe there is nothing new) - Skeptics: globalization is used to force the general population to do particular things - 2 group of skeptics: nothing new happening, as old as capitalism, always been an expansion of markets and increased trade (old colonialism) – continuation with that - McBride: Labor migrations were a lot more pronounced an
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