LABRST 1A03 Lecture Notes - Lecture 4: Samuel Gompers, Business Matters, Knights Of Labor

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September 29, 2016 LABRST 1A03
KNIGHTS OF LABOR
- Rise and Fall
o Terence Powderly
o Great Upheaval
o Collapse
- Broad and Flexible Organization
o Mixed Assemblies
o Humanity + Work
- Movement Culture
o Media
Palladium of Labor
o Moral Values
Family
o Protection of Women
Breadwinners Wage
Organizing Women
- Divisions
- Haymarket Incident
- Chevaliers du Travail
RISE AND FALL
Terrence Powderly:
- Becomes the top leader of the Knights
- President, 1879
o Sign of the organization going to open up
o Open up based to people on race and religion
Hostile to groups of immigrants (unless Africans)
Great Upheaval:
- E.g. Great Southwestern Railway Strike, 1885
- Non-religious organization; massive people rushing into this organization
- Did achieve in a short amount of time + new ideas placed on the table
Collapse:
- 1888
BROAD AND FLEXIBLE ORGANIZATION:
- Left it to workers decided how they wanted to work
- Wanted big memberships
Mixed Assemblies:
- Effective in small towns
- Wanted to be a broader/mass union approach (NOT LIKE CRAFT UNIONS)
- Wanted to preserve common bonds of humanity
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