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Lecture 2

LABRST 1A03 Lecture Notes - Lecture 2: Newfoundland And Labrador, Wage Labour, Lower Canada

Labour Studies
Course Code
David Goutor

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Labour Studies 1A03 Tuesday Week 2
Staples: extracting or acquiring resource commodities in order to sell them
to an external market (don’t manufacture, only resource)
Dominated early economy
Harold Innis= Classic definition
Canadian staples:
Fish=Grand Banks (massive amounts of COD fish)
migratory fishery
o Rough work (always wet and cold)
o Most jobs in boats, which required discipline
Residential fishery
o Starts with placeholding
o Develops in New Foundland fishery
Ouports (fishing stations develop into settlings)
o Structural disadvantages
Fish prices
o Isolation
Merchants once a year
o Distinct Culture
o Truly unique trade (commerce between different peoples)
o Commerce and interchange between peoples
o Mutual dependency
Aboriginals: trapping
Whites: Trade goods
o Great exchange to create relationships between buyers and
sellers (uncivilized to do trade without a relationship)
o Montreal Based Trade:
Emerges later
Funded by the Bank of Montreal
Opposite than Hudson bay, they go too aboriginals
o Network for trade is based on proximity to water routes
o Voyageurs Experience:
voyagers for trade
Injury, fear, wilderness, freedom, liminality

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o Dangerous industry
Keys to Canadian Staples:
Small Settlement
Small labour force
Not as many slaves in Canada
Huge demand for slave labour with big repercussions (in the USA)
o 80% were slaves who came to USA from 150-1830
Pre-Industrial Work (Lecture 2: Settlers and Wage Labour)
Agricultural Sector
#1 sector of economy by 19th century
o Draw to Canadian colonies (attracted people)
o Identify to colonies
Lower Canada: Habitant
Especially Upper Canada: Pioneer Society
o Draws to New World and identifies the New World
o Farmers was supposed to create open space freedom without
social hierarchy.
o Canadian colonies did not have a wild west (but still had
o Not subsistence (not eat what you grow)
o Independent producer for markets
Beef and poultry
Value of Independence:
o No one is your boss
o Respectability
Backbone of community
Reward for hard work (not to get rich, but respectable
Gender elements
Problems: Start Up Costs
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