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Lecture

(VII)Mozart and the Piano Concerto

3 Pages
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Department
Music
Course Code
MUSIC 1AA3
Professor
Lara Housez

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Mozart and the Piano Concerto  Lecture VII January 22  2014 What is a concerto? • A: an instrumental piece for a soloist (or sometimes more than one soloist) and a  larger ensemble • The concerto’s contrasting timbres and virtuosic displays have delighted audiences  then and now (play Mozart’s Clarinet Concerto in A Major, 2  mvt.) • Drama of contrast (timings from Mozart’s Piano Concerto in A Major)  Orchestra alone (0:00)  Soloist alone (2:04)  One supports the other (2:12 and 3:18)  Soloist and orchestra of equal importance (3:33) Typical Structure of a Concerto • Consists of three contrasting movements • 1 : sonata form or double­exposition concerto form nd • 2 : theme and variations or ternary form • 3  (finale): sonata form or rondo form • No dance movement (for ex. Minuet and trio) Classical to modern instruments • Keyboards: Harpsichord ▯ fortepiano ▯ modern pianoforte • Strings: catgut to strings wound with wire  Catgut: warmer in tone than wire • Brass: mostly without valves or “keys” to change pipe length; limited range;  th valves in early 19  century (page 137) • Percussion: mainly timpani; other percussion added to the orchestra later • 1781­1791   Mozart left native Salzburg for Vienna at age 25, hoping to get a position  as a court musician  In Vienna, he composed 17 piano concertos before his death (age 35) • Piano Concerto in A Major (1786)  The 23  out of 27 piano concertos in total  Gave Mozart the opportunity to demonstrate his skills as performer and  composer  This concerto is eff
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