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Music 2II3 – Popular Music 2.docx

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Simon Wood

Music 2II3 – Popular Music: Post World War 2 Lecture 2 6/26/2013 2:59:00 PM Style depended on race and class  Rock n roll – blended music Spirituals/Gospels – music of worship  key thing was the difference in religion o English and protestant o wanted to convert the blacks into Christian  adoption of European hymns o ―lined hymns‖ – blend of black and European music  distortion of vocal timbre o famous in protestant churches o African americans took this idea – take first syllable and stretch it out and same thing as the second and third syllable o minister is making up the melody –improvising and the rest of the rest are following o European sacred songs blending with west culture African o taking a song where the primary form of expression is in the words – rather the meaning is in the sounds o word sense – a white culture vs sound sense – a black culture  listening to a lined hymn  interpretation of bible  if it’s a piece of sacred music that originated in the time of slavery, or is performed in the style of music from that period then it is considered Spiritual  Anything Post-Civil war is considered Gospel American Civil War (1861 to 1865) st  January 1 1863 – Lincoln signed the emancipation proclamation  former slaves stayed where they were, they had no option to go anywhere  slave yesterday—have nothing, free today – still have nothing  majority kept working Post slavery (1865-)  Institutionalized racism – implanting laws the were racist o illegal for people to eat in certain restaurants o laws of the land themselves create racism laws  acceleration of rural to urban shift o safer for blacks o neighbourhoods’ were forming o they had business, had jobs, etc  not see changes in culture until late 1800s  new forms of music appear during late 1800s o 1) ragtime o 2) jazz o 3) blues  formed by first generation African americans after slavery Country (Rural) Blues  wandering musician  male vocalist, with acoustic guitar  plaintive vocal sound sweeping from note to note– lament  themes include: travel, economics and love  extraordinary love of detail Musical form characteristics:  12 measure phrases – blues is based on this  a-a-b lyric pattern  call and response between guitar and voice  floating pool of verse four beats in each bar Bars 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Chords I IV I V IV Lyrics a a b 11 12 I  half of the blues song will vary from this chart  based on always a 12 bars blues with lyric pattern a a b for tests Blind Willie McTell (1898 to 1959) song he recorded ―Travelin’ Blues‖: Blind Wilie McTell (1929) Blues form begins (sings) mr engineer, let a man ride this line a mr engineer, let a poor man ride this line a i wouldn’t mind it fella, but you know this train aint mineb Note: each ―4‖ measure section is only 3 and a half measures long demonstrates  travel and economics  uneven bar counts – why? Solo musician  lack of self consciousness  ―folk musi
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